Creating A Republic

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Creating A Republic by Mind Map: Creating A Republic

1. The Constitutional Convention

1.1. The Delegates Of the Constitution

1.1.1. 55 Delegates- A Great Assembly

1.1.2. Main Person: James Madison

1.1.2.1. Father Of Constitution

1.2. Two Rival Plans

1.2.1. Virginia Plan

1.2.1.1. Wanted the amount of representatives for each state to be calculated by the amount of people living in that state.

1.2.1.1.1. Roger Sherman introduced the Great Compromise in which there were two houses in Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives followed the Virginia Plan and the Senate followed the New Jersey Plan.

1.2.2. New Jersey Plan

1.2.2.1. Wanted the amount of representatives for each state to be two no matter the population of the state.

1.3. Northern and Southern States Compromise

1.3.1. Three-Fifths Compromise said that only three fifths of the slaves in each state would count toward the population.

1.3.2. Slave trade was banned in most northern states and southern states continued to use slave trade as a form of buisness.

2. A Loose Confederation

2.1. Articles of Confederation

2.1.1. They did not control that much power

2.1.2. Argued with the West and wouldn't give up

2.2. Weaknesses of the Confederation

2.2.1. Money Problems

2.2.2. Foreign Countries took Advantage

2.2.2.1. Saw them as weak and went against them

2.2.3. Conflicts Between States

2.3. Admitting New States

2.3.1. Land Ordinance of 1785

2.3.1.1. System for settling

2.3.2. Northwest Ordinance

2.3.2.1. Granted basic right to people there

3. Ideas Behind the Constitution

3.1. The Lessons of Rome's Republic

3.1.1. The Roman Example

3.1.1.1. They wanted to create a republic.

3.1.1.1.1. General Charles Lee

3.1.1.2. The Roman citizens were willing to serve for them.

3.2. Britain’s Traditions of Freedom

3.2.1. Magna Carta

3.2.2. English Bill of Rights

3.2.2.1. protected their rights even more

3.3. The American Experience

3.3.1. Each of the 13 colonies charter was granted

3.3.2. Relying on written document

4. Ratification and the Bill of Rights

4.1. Signing The Consitution

4.1.1. One by one delegates came to sign the document.

4.1.1.1. There was a lot of debate but then Benjamin Franklin, one of the wisest of the delegates, persuaded the delegates and finally the Constitution was ready to be signed.

4.1.2. Once 9 states agreed it would co into effect.

4.2. Ratifying The Constitution

4.2.1. The Colonist Divided

4.2.1.1. Antifederalist

4.2.1.1.1. Did not favor a strong national government.

4.2.1.2. Federalist

4.2.1.2.1. Favored strong government and rule that they controlled.

4.3. Adding A Bill Of Rights

4.3.1. They needed to amend the Constitution how to change things

4.3.1.1. Made the process difficult do it could not be changed all the time

4.3.2. Ratified 10 of the 12 amendments

4.3.2.1. Made by James Madison