Disabilities in the eye of IDEA

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Disabilities in the eye of IDEA by Mind Map: Disabilities in the eye of IDEA

1. Deaf-blindness

1.1. Loss in both vision and hearing

1.2. Intervention : Provide access to clear and consistent visual and auditory information.

2. Deafness

2.1. Partial or whole lack of the sense of hearing.

2.2. Intervention : Teaching sign language

3. Developmental delay

3.1. Children may not reach specific developmental milestones like walking and talking at the normal age range.

3.2. Interventions: Use of manipulations of environmental factors

4. Emotional disturbance

4.1. Exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics; anxiety, bi-polar, conduct, obsessive-compulsive, psychotic and eating disorders.

4.2. Intervention: State clear behavior expectations, remain consistent when responding to rule violations

5. Hearing impairment

5.1. Partial or total inability to hear with one or both ears.

5.2. Intervention: Have a note taker, use audio visual material (frequency modulated unit).

5.2.1. I was given a student at the beginning of this school year that had a hearing impairment. It was interesting to see the things that he could hear, you ever heard of the saying "You hear what you want to hear". Sometimes I think of him in that scenario for he is very comical and always gives that staff a good laugh. He is the class clown how ironic is that, but I have truly grown to adore him. He is a hard worker and though he is 19 now he is still in need of a hearing device. One of his goals on his IEP was to increase his sight words and to count money. Within my first 5 months with him he was able to obtain over 30 dolch sight words. Not only could he read them but he was able to write them as well. When we work with him on counting money manipulatives are very helpful for him to understand and process the information. The intervention I used for growing his vocabulary was being a note taker and utilizing audio on the computer.

5.3. There are 3 million US cases per year

6. Intellectual disability

6.1. Characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior affecting everyday social and practical skills.

6.2. The IQ of someone with an intellectual disability is less than 70 to 75

6.3. Intervention: Accommodations, and modifications based on that students skill set.

7. Multiple disabilities

7.1. A person with several disabilities like sensory disability associated with a motor disability.

7.2. Interventions: Assistive technology, abacus, braille, a talking calculator, and tactile markers only to name a few.

8. Orthopedic impairment

8.1. Severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The impairments may have been caused by birth defects, a disease among other causes.

8.2. Intervention : Mobility devices, elimination of excessive walking, access to the elevator

9. Other Health impairment

9.1. Limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli resulting in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment.

9.2. Examples: asthma, ADD, ADHD, diabetes, epilepsy, heart condition, leukemia, kidney disorder, sickle cell anemia, rheumatic fever, lead poisoning, and hemophilia

9.2.1. In the year of 2011 I was teaching Kindergarten. During this time I had one particular student who was advanced but she had also missed a lot of days in school. Unfortunately this young girl was hospitalized due to sickle cell. It was very unfortunate to watch someone so tiny go through something so discomforting. She was a fighter indeed and never not once did she or her mom complain. When you suffer with sickle cell you have to be careful during physical activities. She was a cheerleader for the local boys and girls club and this was something she enjoyed doing so much. Me and her mom stayed in constant communication with one another on the basis of her health and school work. This was a time where I had to use my own interventions to assure that she did not lack the education due to her illness. I developed packets just to be prepared ahead of time if she were to have an episode. I emailed the mom frequently while she was out and she was very good at keeping me aware of everything that was going on.

9.3. Intervention : Give the student(s); extra time to complete work, and transition from lesson to the next, post daily schedule, keep schedule consistent, teach organizational techniques.

10. Specific Learning disability

10.1. A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved when understanding or using language, spoken or written. This develops into an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or complete basic math.

10.2. Examples: brain injury, dyslexia, minimal brain dysfunction, and developmental aphasia

10.2.1. I have been tutoring for a total of three years now. During my time tutoring I have placed more of an interest on students with learning difficulties . My first client that I was given was very significant for me. She immediately connected and was truly inspirational for me. When I started with her she was in the 3rd grade. She did not know any multiplication or did she know how to spell the dolch primer words. This was at first discouraging for me because I work with my clients in their homes which may not always be a good fir. For her it was certainly not a good fit, for the distractions from her biological mother were unfitting for a child trying to move to being on grade level. She did however open up to her father and say "she would rather me come to his home because she can not focus with her mom". This was phenomenal for a little person to say and truly understand when they need to change their environment in order to succeed. A year later I was able to get her on grade level and she was so proud of her improvements in school. Her teachers had even reached out to me about the turn around they had noticed. When I take steps towards intervention with any of my students I must first assure them that they need to trust from within in order to grow.

10.3. Intervention : Direct instruction, multi-sensory approach, and learning strategy instruction

11. Speech or Language impairment

11.1. Communication disorder that affects a child's educational performance.

11.2. Examples: stuttering, impaired articulation, language impairment, and voice impairment

11.3. Intervention : Speech- language pathologist

12. Traumatic Brain injury

12.1. Injury to the brain caused by external physical force causing total or partial functional disability, psychosocial impairment or both. It applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas.

12.2. Intervention : Breaking down complex directions, use of a daily planner, and giving students extra time on assignments

13. Visual impairment, including blindness

13.1. Issue with sight (partial sight or blindness) which interferes with students educational performance.

13.2. Intervention: Classroom arrangement, braille, sensory learning, and assistive technology

14. Autism

14.1. 1 out of 68 is affected by autism.

14.2. Difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors.

14.3. Intervention : Build on strengths