Psychology- Approaches

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Psychology- Approaches by Mind Map: Psychology- Approaches

1. Origins of Psychology

1.1. Roots

1.2. Structuralism- Wilhelm Wundt

1.3. Introspection

1.3.1. Criticisms of Introspection

1.3.1.1. Date is Qualitative

1.3.1.2. Relies on honesty

1.4. The Scientific Method

1.4.1. Step 1- Ask a question

1.4.2. Step 2- State a hypothesis

1.4.3. Step 3- Conduct an experiment

1.4.4. Step 4- Analyse the results

1.4.5. Step 5- Make a conclusion

2. Behaviourist Approach

2.1. Classical Conditioning

2.1.1. Little Albert

2.2. Operant Conditioning

2.3. Social Learning Theory

2.3.1. EXP- The Bobo Doll Study

2.3.1.1. Results

2.3.2. Components of SLT

2.3.2.1. Imitation

2.3.2.2. Identification

2.3.2.3. Modelling

2.3.2.4. Vicarious Reinforcement

2.3.3. Mediational Processes in SLT

2.3.3.1. Attention

2.3.3.2. Retention

2.3.3.3. Reproduction

2.3.3.4. Motivation

2.3.4. Evaluation of Social Learning Theory

2.3.4.1. Case Studies and Experiments

2.3.4.2. Reductionist

3. Cognitive Approach

3.1. Computer Analogies

3.2. Schema Theory

3.2.1. EXP- Bartlett's War of the Ghost Study

3.2.1.1. Patterns of Distortion

3.2.1.1.1. Assimilation

3.2.1.1.2. Levelling

3.2.1.1.3. Sharpening

3.3. Cognitive Neuroscience

4. Biological Approach

4.1. Genetic Inheritence

4.2. Twin Studies

4.3. Genotype and Phenotype

4.4. The Brain

4.5. Neurotransmitters

4.6. Hormones

4.7. Evolutionary Theory