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Wilhemina's War by Mind Map: Wilhemina's War
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Wilhemina's War

Stats

More with HIV in South than New York & San Francisco

65,000 per year diagnosed with HIV

List of Countries with HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS is a global pandemic. As of 2012, approximately 35.3 million people are living with HIV globally. Of these, approximately 17.2 million are men, 16.8 million are women and 3.4 million are less than 15 years old. There were about 1.8 million deaths from AIDS in 2010, down from 2.2 million in 2005. Sub-Saharan Africa is the region most affected. In 2010, an estimated 68% of all HIV cases and 66% of all deaths occurred in this region. This means that about 5% of the adult population in this area is infected. Here, in contrast to other regions, women compose nearly 60% of cases. South Africa has the largest population of people with HIV of any country in the world, at 5.9 million. South & South East Asia has an estimated 4 million cases, with about 250,000 deaths in 2010. Approximately 2.5 million of these cases are in India, where however the prevalence is only about 0.3%. Prevalence is lowest in East Asia at 0.1%. In 2008 approximately 1.2 million people in the United States had HIV; 20% did not realize that they were infected. Over the 10 year period from 1999-2008 it resulted in about 17,500 deaths per year.

State of Minnesota HIV AIDS Statistics

Characters

Toni Dicks

Wilhelmina Dicks

Caring for the Sick

Rights of the AIDS Patient

Social Security Check to go towards nursing home

Rural versus Urban Setting

No reimbursement for HIV/AIDS Drugs

Moving to a different state for care?

The Disease Itself

The Social Stigma

HIV

The human immunodeficiency virus is a lentivirus that causes HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. Without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years, depending on the HIV subtype. Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells. HIV infects vital cells in the human immune system such as helper T cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells. HIV infection leads to low levels of CD4⁺ T cells through a number of mechanisms, including apoptosis of uninfected bystander cells, direct viral killing of infected cells, and killing of infected CD4⁺ T cells by CD8 cytotoxic lymphocytes that recognize infected cells. When CD4⁺ T cell numbers decline below a critical level, cell-mediated immunity is lost, and the body becomes progressively more susceptible to opportunistic infections.

AIDS

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is syndrome resulting from the acquired deficiency of cellular immunity caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It is characterized by the reduction of the Helper T-lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and the lymph nodes. Symptoms include generalized lymphadenopathy, fever, weight loss, and chronic diarrhea. Patients with AIDS are especially susceptible to opportunistic infections (usually pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections, tuberculosis, candida infections, and cryptococcosis), and the development of malignant neoplasms (usually non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma). The human immunodeficiency virus is transmitted through sexual contact, sharing of contaminated needles, or transfusion of contaminated blood.

Do people care about how a person got the disease?

Resulting Depression

Incubation Period

Prevention of HIV/AIDS

Education

Physical solutions