Biosocial approach to gender development

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Biosocial approach to gender development by Mind Map: Biosocial approach to gender development

1. Biosocial theory argues that it is the interaction between biological factors (i.e. the sex of the child) and social factors (i.e. the culture in which they grow up) which develops a child's gender identity

2. The start of gendering

2.1. The sex of the baby is a primary concern

2.2. Labelling the baby as a boy or girl has all sorts of influences on how the baby is treated, starting with the selection of cards and presents

2.3. Sex acts as a 'signpost' by which the baby's needs and behaviours are interpreted, so people treat the child differently based on their own particular views about gender differences

2.3.1. Smith and Lloyd (1978) - dressed babies in unisex white snowsuits and gave them boys or girls names - when the same baby was given a boys name it was treated differently to when it was named as a girl

3. Gender is constructed - social constructionist theory

3.1. In Western societies, gender is constructed by dividing people into two categories based on their biological sex, then assuming that male=masculine and female=feminine

3.2. Men and women are constructed as a different species - this further perpetuates the idea that mean and women are fundamentally different

3.3. Constructions of gender differ across time and culture

3.3.1. The idea of what a 'real man' is will be different from what it was 50 years ago or what it currently is in china

4. IDA

4.1. Combines nature and nurture - provides a far more valid and realistic model than either one alone

4.2. Biosocial theory sees gender as flexible rather than fixed, so it is much less DETERMINISTIC