Tilman Riemenschneider

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Tilman Riemenschneider by Mind Map: Tilman Riemenschneider

1. people

1.1. family

1.1.1. Timlan Riemenschneider the elder (father)

1.1.1.1. master of mint (harz mountains)

1.1.2. wife

1.1.2.1. 1:anna schmidt

1.1.2.1.1. widow of a master goldsmith with three sons*

1.1.2.1.2. marriage brought him property*

1.1.2.1.3. died 10 years in marriage

1.1.2.2. 2

1.1.2.3. 3

1.1.2.4. 4

1.1.3. children

1.1.3.1. Jörg

1.1.3.1.1. active sculptor

1.1.3.2. daughter

1.1.3.3. Hans

1.1.3.3.1. active sculptor

1.1.3.4. bartlmä dill

1.1.3.4.1. painter

1.1.3.4.2. pupil of Durer

1.1.3.5. Tilman

1.1.3.5.1. painter in Tirol

1.1.4. uncle Miklaus

1.1.4.1. service of the bishop of Wurxburg

1.2. partons

1.2.1. town council of munnerstadt

1.2.2. town council of wurzburg

1.2.2.1. stone adam and eve

1.2.3. Prince-bishop Lorenz von Bibra

1.2.3.1. tomb Rudolf von scherenberg

1.2.3.2. tomb Lorenz von Bibra

1.2.3.2.1. Renaissance

1.2.3.3. ties with luther

1.2.3.4. 1459-1519

1.2.4. town council of windsheim

1.2.4.1. figures/crucifixion

1.2.5. town council of Rothenburg

1.2.5.1. st anna altarpiece

1.2.6. widow of master jewelr

1.2.6.1. 12 apostles altarpiece for st Kilian Windsheim

1.2.7. schlosskapelle

1.2.7.1. wittenberg

1.2.7.1.1. crucifix

1.2.8. wurzburg town hall

1.2.8.1. stone top tables

1.3. 1st generation limewood sculptors

1.3.1. himself

1.3.2. pacher

1.3.3. erhart

1.3.4. stoss

1.4. 2nd generation

1.5. 3rd

1.5.1. careers begain 1510

1.5.1.1. Master H.L

1.5.1.2. daniel mauch

1.5.1.2.1. ulm

1.5.1.3. hans leinberge 25r

1.5.1.3.1. landshut 1510-30

1.5.1.3.2. heroic lucid spread posing

1.5.1.3.3. range of media

1.5.1.4. ottobeuren manster

2. places

2.1. origins

2.1.1. thuringia/central germany

2.2. training

2.2.1. ulm

2.2.1.1. erhart workshop

2.2.1.2. 1480

2.2.2. netherlands/upper rhenish

2.2.2.1. enngravings

2.2.2.1.1. E.S.

2.2.2.1.2. Schongauer

2.3. wurzburg

2.3.1. anticipate work from ecclesiastical establishment

2.3.2. good supply of raw material

2.3.3. guilds not exclusive in wurxburg

2.3.4. life

2.3.4.1. 1485 matriculated painters guild of st luke

2.3.4.2. 1505 office on city council

2.3.4.3. 1520 burgomaster for term

2.3.4.4. imprisoned/ expelled form council and fined

2.3.4.4.1. prince bishop konrad van thungen

2.3.4.4.2. stopped working major projects

2.3.4.4.3. accused of spreading rumor that bishop secretly brought cavalry and cannons into the city

3. method

3.1. monochrome

3.1.1. limewood glaze

3.1.1.1. eggwhites, oil colored with ochre, black, lime, lead-white

3.1.1.2. direct on wood

3.1.1.3. why?

3.1.1.3.1. bare limewood light color and did not discolor nicely

3.1.1.3.2. helps protect unify and darken color

3.1.2. 1st known retable limewood monochrome

3.1.3. opens alternative mode to polychrome

3.2. carving

3.2.1. simple series of short cuts at right angles to edges

3.2.1.1. skew chisel or small parting tool

3.2.1.2. ex saint Barbra's headdress

3.2.2. regular grooves parallel with edge and next to this lines of crescent shaped cuts end to end

3.2.2.1. ex saint Barbra's cloak band and stitching

3.3. workshop

3.3.1. 12 apprentices 1501-17

3.3.2. did not have sided workshops

3.3.2.1. stuck with sculpture

3.3.3. large and productive

3.3.3.1. limewood and stone

3.3.3.2. at least a 12 retable altarpieces were made

3.3.3.2.1. some extent monopolist sculptor

4. style

4.1. never rejected late Gothic style

4.2. no influence of renaissance

4.2.1. did not want anatomical correctness

4.2.1.1. belief in power of facial expression

4.2.2. except tomb of Lorenz von Bibra

4.3. master of adaptation

4.3.1. he and workshop used engraved models in all possible combination

4.3.1.1. used iconographics by Schongauer ect

4.3.1.1.1. saint stephen based on schoguer

4.3.1.1.2. schongaues passion seriees

4.3.1.2. not big fan of durer (few exceptions)

4.3.1.3. allows sculptor to work rapidly and cheaply

4.3.1.4. often surpass their models

4.4. emotionless stillnes

4.5. highly polished finish

4.6. did not have great influence on sculptors

4.7. pigment on lips and eyes

4.7.1. stone tombs added gilt accents

4.8. poly or mono debat

4.8.1. highly detail carving shallow tolling

4.8.2. punchwork

4.8.2.1. 1st for wood surfaces

4.8.2.2. why

4.8.2.2.1. imitate a material or object

4.8.2.2.2. add texture that increases legibility of form in absence of polychromy

4.8.2.2.3. model surface by heightening the play of light and shadow.

5. work

5.1. munnerstadt altarpiece

5.1.1. town church @ munnerstadt

5.1.1.1. town council of munnerstadt

5.1.2. 1st re table by hime

5.1.3. monochrome

5.1.4. painted by veit stoss 1503

5.1.5. 1490-2

5.2. Saint Barbara

5.3. altar of the holy blood

5.3.1. delegates of the city council of rothenburg

5.3.1.1. church of Saint James

5.3.2. shrine work Erhart Harschner

5.3.3. 1501-5

5.3.4. Judas protagonist

5.3.4.1. abandons traditional arrangement of event

5.3.5. master of manipulation of light, changes with sunlight

5.3.6. 60 florins

5.3.7. monochrome

5.3.7.1. alienation?

5.3.8. in situ

5.4. Monument of Rudolph von Scherenberg

5.4.1. in situ

5.5. altarpiece of st anna