Rhetorical Strategies

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Rhetorical Strategies by Mind Map: Rhetorical Strategies

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2. Why use Rhetorical Strategies? As you plan your essay, you will want to think about the rhetorical strategies by which you will present your ideas and evidence to readers. These strategies, sometimes called rhetorical modes or techniques, help a writer organize evi­dence, connect facts into a sequence, and provide clusters of information nec­essary for conveying a purpose or an argument. You might choose to analyze the cause of an outcome, compare one thing to another, classify your facts into categories, define a key term, describe a person, place, or phenomenon, explain how a process works, or narrate a pertinent event or experience.

3. Examples of Rhetorical Strategies:

4. Repetition of certain words: Why, with all the words at his or her disposal, does a writer choose to repeat particular words? Counterpoints: Contrasting ideas such as black/white, darkness/light, good/bad. Imagery: language that evokes one or all of the five senses: seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, touching. Metaphor and symbolism: Non-literal, imaginative substitutions in which, for instance, a tree becomes a metaphor for family, or springtime symbolizes rebirth. Characterization: The method used by a writer to develop a character. The method includes showing the character's appearance, actions, the character's thoughts, letting the character speak, and getting the reactions of others. Style, tone, voice: What is it that makes you respond as you do? Are you the author’s intended audience? If not, who is? The attitude a writer takes towards a subject or character objective is presented here

5. GENDER/RACE ISSUES

6. Womens path in history: Throughout history the role of a woman is inferior to men. Consistently throughout the novels that we've read this year the role of a woman is the "Caregiver" and is typically symbolized as the "support" for the family. The mother is subservient to the father as well as the guide for the children.

7. The subject of racism has been a lively topic for critical debate since approximately the 1950s, with scholars examining the treatment of various kinds of discrimination based on race, religion, or gender in literary works—both past and present—as well as in the attitudes of the writers themselves. In some cases racism is a prominent, or even the chief theme, while in other works critics have revealed racist attitudes that serve as underlying assumptions, but may not be immediately evident to the reader.

8. Disney Princesses in Gender Lens

8.1. Symbols Pertaining Women in Literature: In several of the stories we've read in class, women have been reflected in a different light. In Grapes of Wraths, the female character was more dominant and was the structure for the family as they travel out west. In Older time period passages, the role of a women is much more subservient and typical of that period.

9. SATIRES

10. Satire can be seen in anything from an entire work that uses satire throughout, like a parody, to a single sentence. Satire is often used as an attempt to bring about social or political change or to prevent it.

11. Examples of satire can be found in: •Songs •Television shows •Movies

12. In irony, the words are used to show the opposite of the actual meaning. With verbal irony, you say one thing and mean another. Situational irony occurs when what actually happens is not what was expected. When a narrative is used in a drama to give the audience more information, then that can supply dramatic irony.

13. The Onion Article Satires are the most recent and best reference when talking about a satires that we did in class. That depicts a more humorous approach, but uses a complete stylistic method to propse a counterargument on certain ideas! In some AP Lang passages, they encompass a satire! SO BE ON THE LOOKOUT

14. DICTION

15. Diction is the distinctive tone or tenor of an author’s writings. Diction is not just a writer's choice of words it can include the mood, attitude, dialect and style of writing. Diction is usually judged with reference to the prevailing standards of proper writing and speech and is seen as the mark of quality of the writing.

16. The use of diction to create unique tones and imagery can differ from author to author based on their interpretation of the literal.

17. Diction is someone's own style or voice in their writing. For example, In TTTC, the certain diction used created an empowering undertone of the anti-war approach. His use of certain items, and the significant short/long use of words created a parallel of truth and simple story telling. The book pronounced a different tone as it was pronounced to be more influential through the certain diction!

18. Diction Example

19. This picture is a reference to the empowering ability of Diction. The word jumble makes art and a perfect piece through the several unique choices of words. The jumble is like a story where everything makes a beautiful piece through certain word choices.

20. SYNTAX

21. Syntax determines how the chosen words are used to form a sentence. Most often than not, adopting a complex diction means a complex syntactic structure of sentences and vice versa.

22. Syntax is a set of rules in a language. It dictates how words from different parts of speech are put together in order to convey a complete thought.

23. In poetry, however, the word order may be shifted to achieve certain artistic effects such as producing rhythm or melody in the lines, achieving emphasis, heightening connection between two words etc. The unique syntax used in poetry makes it different from prose.

24. Syntax in Prose: It enhances its meanings and contributes toward its tone. Quickness, decisiveness and speed are added to a text by using short phrase, clauses and sentences

25. Diction vs. Syntax

26. Chart:

27. TONE SHIFT AWARENESS

28. Works of literature can have many different types of tone, such as humorous, solemn, distant, intimate, ironic, arrogant, condescending, sentimental, and so on. Any emotion that humans can feel can be an example of tone in literature.

29. The tone that an author uses greatly influences what kind of story he or she tells and how the audience perceives it.

30. Tone is the attitude that the writer expresses toward the piece’s subject matter (exposition or action) and audience, via the narrator*. Tone is expressed through all stylistic/technical choices, including but not limited to diction, syntax, detail, imagery, and figurative language.

31. What is Tone? How to Recognize and Analyze in Comparison to Mood

32. PROSE

33. What is it? : Prose is a form of language that has no formal metrical structure. It applies a natural flow of speech, and ordinary grammatical structure rather than rhythmic structure, such as in the case of traditional poetry.

34. Types of Prose: 1. Nonfictional Prose: A literary work that is mainly based on fact although it may contain fictional elements in certain cases. Examples are biographies and essays. 2. Fictional Prose: A literary work that is wholly or partly imagined or theoretical. Examples are novels. 3. Heroic Prose: A literary work that may be written down or recited and employs many of the formulaic expressions found in oral tradition. Examples are legends and tales. 4. Prose Poetry: A literary work which exhibits poetic quality using emotional effects and heightened imagery but are written in prose instead of verse.

35. Writing through genre

36. AP LANG ESSAY WRITING TIPS

37. synthesis

38. Argument

39. Analysis

40. Understand the concept of a synthesis essay. The purpose of a synthesis essay is to make insightful connections between parts of a work, or multiple works, with the goal of ultimately presenting and supporting a claim about a topic.

41. Make sure to completely understand all concepts of the sources! DO NOT misinterpret the sources because the underlying support of your argument becomes INVALID!

42. Ask yourself.... : What claim is the source making about the issue? What data or evidence does the source offer in support of that claim? What are the assumptions or beliefs (explicit or unspoken) that warrant using this evidence or data to support the claim?

43. STACKIN AMO!! Remember to have background knowledge because that will always be crucial when defending you're topic. You must also remember you're counterargument in order to improve the validity of your argument! Don't forget the spin!

44. Remember the actual content of the argument question is crucial! DO NOT go off topic, stick to what the argument is asking.

45. REMEBER THAT THE THESIS STATEMENT IS CRUCIAL! The outline that we reviewed in class is a perfect way to include all the needed elements for a thesis in a concise and systematic format! List the author and their title, the rhetorical strategies, and you're "twist!"

46. KNOW YOURE RHETORICAL STRATEGIES!! Be familiar with all strategies to develop a unique and intellectual analysis!

47. Understand the underlying meaning of the passage! Coherent comprehension of the passage will allow you're analysis wit accuracy! You need to know more than recognizing rhetorical strategies! We want all 9's on these papers! ;)

48. Synthesis: