Copy of Technique

Review of technique list for Ian and Phil. Please make changes in this document as you wish.

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Copy of Technique by Mind Map: Copy of Technique


1.1. Formation

1.1.1. The index finger and thumb oppose each other to make a rocker grip:  Index finger in front of grip  with sword crossing (perpendicular) on second Phalanx. Thumb on back (flat of grip) parallel to grip.

1.1.2. The remaining three fingers, middle, ring, and pinky fingers cover the front and sides of the grip, frequently moving to aid the articulation of the sword and give strength to the final part of the extension.

1.2. Coaching points

1.2.1. Grip is a fluid and adapted (personalised) technique

1.2.2. Free but firm grip

1.2.3. The Thumb should remain on the back of the grip.

1.3. Common Faults

1.3.1. TOO HARD

1.3.2. Thumb across grip- hammer grip

1.3.3. wrong part of hand

1.3.4. wrong part of handle.

1.4. Activities

1.4.1. Blade Climb and Descend Exercise

1.4.2. Blade manipulation exercises

1.5. Learning aids

1.5.1. Untitled

1.5.2. Untitled

2. T2 THE STANCE (engarde)


2.2. Coaching points

2.2.1. Feet 1.5- 2 of your own two feet apart

2.2.2. Forearm level with the ground

2.2.3. Elbow about a handspan from side

2.2.4. Body turned more or less sideways

2.2.5. engarde is a position of relaxed energised readiness

2.2.6. Hips (buttocks) ahould be level

2.2.7. Back arm out of the way- on hip or by side

2.2.8. Sword in tierce (balance like an ice cream cone)

2.2.9. Weight can be easily shifted off either foot, or at least off the front foot

2.2.10. Back foot turned out at least 45° and up to 90°

2.3. Common Faults



2.3.3. hips and or shoulders at wrong angle

2.3.4. feet at wrong angle

2.3.5. rear arm raised in epee or foil position

2.3.6. balance incorrect (leaning forward or back)

2.3.7. feet not in line correctly


3.1. Learning aids

3.1.1. Meybridge sabre

3.2. Coaching points

3.2.1. Articulate cut 1. Weapon should lead- moving to a full relaxed ‘punch’ extension directly at opponent. for a strong blocking parry, turn the edge to incoming attack and lead the movement with blade, follow with the arm. The opposite with a deflecting parry. 2. Aiming on a 180 arc 3. The final action of the cut is made with the wrist and fingers

3.2.2. Recover to guard after cut

3.2.3. Relax arm to gain distance.

3.2.4. Grip is dynamic and changing.

3.2.5. Lead with cutting edge

3.2.6. Hit with last few inches of blade

3.3. Common Faults

3.3.1. Moving arm out of centre. Either up, across or down, instead of hitting whilst moving the blade forward, the hilt covering centre.

3.3.2. Leaning forward off balance

3.3.3. Not using final 10cm of blade, (although it all counts )

3.3.4. Static, tense grip

3.3.5. Striking too hard

3.3.6. Not articulating fingers and wrist


4.1. coaching points

4.1.1. The parry is a position from which you can attack

4.1.2. Keep some curve in the arm

4.1.3. Move hand and forearm, minimise movement in shoulders and elbow.

4.1.4. Parry with point further out than guard in order to guide attacking blade down toward guard.

4.2. Common faults

4.2.1. Too early

4.2.2. Too late

4.2.3. Tension- squeezing too hard

4.2.4. parrying with the flat

4.2.5. Too far back

4.2.6. too far forward

4.2.7. Too narrow

4.2.8. Too broad

4.2.9. Searching forward or to the side for the attack

4.2.10. parry with mid-blade

4.3. Learning Media

4.3.1. Hutton Parries

4.3.2. More Hutton Parries

4.3.3. image

4.3.4. Parry in Tierce - Masaniello Parise from Trattato Teorico-pratico della Spada di Scherma e Sciabola, 1884:

4.3.5. Parry in Quarte - Masaniello Parise from Trattato Teorico-pratico della Spada di Scherma e Sciabola, 1884:

4.3.6. O'Rourke - Saber Parries:

4.4. Insufficient Parry/ Mal-Parry


5.1. Coaching Points

5.1.1. Riposte must follow quickly on after the attack. It must have a tight rhythm

5.1.2. Rebound off the parry to make the riposte

5.1.3. Riposte should be as simple and direct a motion as possible

5.1.4. Seek distance and cover quickly after a riposte

5.2. Common Faults

5.2.1. Hand squeezes too hard on Parry which slows down the riposte

5.2.2. Attacking a difficult line after a riposte

5.2.3. No aftercover following riposte

5.2.4. Hesitating or resting on the parry

5.2.5. Moving forward when too close

5.3. Learning aids

5.3.1. riposte

6. T11 BLADE CATCH (beat)

7. T12 VOID (to fall short)

7.1. Coaching Points

7.1.1. Take advantage of a opportunity created by a void immediately, it quickly disappears.

7.1.2. If you have voided, return to guard immediately, or press an attack

7.1.3. A deception can be used to trigger a void

7.2. Common Faults

7.2.1. Missed opportunity when a void appears.

7.2.2. Resting after a void

7.2.3. Not in a proper en garde or a position to take advantage of a void

7.3. Teaching aids

7.3.1. void

7.3.2. Untitled


8.1. Learning aids

8.2. Common faults

8.2.1. bad alignment and unbalanced delivery

8.2.2. resting on the lunge

8.2.3. arm too straight

8.2.4. the hand too low

8.2.5. not getting low enough before the attack and lunging slowly

8.2.6. exposed hand or arm

8.2.7. lunging before the extension

8.3. Coaching points

8.3.1. Drop low on the extension before you lunge

8.3.2. Angulation provides cover for the hand

8.3.3. wrist in position 2, 4, or 1 to protect the arm

8.3.4. The hand must precede the foot- aim and lunge

8.3.5. Recover quickly to guard

8.3.6. The hand and arm are vulnerable

9. T10 FEINT


10.1. T3a ADVANCE (fencing step forwards)

10.2. T3b RETREAT (fencing step backwards)

10.2.1. Untitled

10.3. Common faults

10.3.1. Too big

10.3.2. closing the feet

10.3.3. twisting the feet out of position

10.3.4. loss of balance

10.3.5. straightening the legs


10.4. Teaching Points

10.4.1. Base widens as you step

10.4.2. complete the step quickly

10.4.3. return to en garde on completion

11. T7 STEP LUNGE (patinando)

11.1. Untitled

11.2. common faults

11.2.1. step is too large

11.2.2. balance is lost and lunge is wobbley

11.2.3. leading with shoulders

11.2.4. extension too late

12. T5 THE DEVELOPMENT of the Attack


12.1.1. Coaching points Punch extension Aim on 180degree arc Blend Squeeze hand to complete cut Keep front foot empty and weight back on extension

12.1.2. Common Faults swinging arm incorrect finishing height locking the elbow hand rising too soon to chop instead of punch TENSING SHOULDER

12.2. T5b LUNGE

12.2.1. Coaching points Untitled

12.2.2. Common Faults lifting front foot too high not keeping back foot on ground lifting back hip TWISTING FRONT FOOT ON LANDING leaning back, letting rear arm swing forward leaning forward leaning sideways NOT MOVING HAND BEFORE FOOT moving front foot too far forward so knee not over shoe laces not extending back leg

12.2.3. Learning materials

12.3. T5c RECOVER

12.3.1. THE RECOVERY Common faults not prepared to carry on fencing rising too high on legs not using heel recovering weight to ball of foot Coaching points dont use front arm use back arm keep hips level push from front heal BEND REAR LEG FIRST control final guard postion

13. HI all. This is a technique map which contains the few terms needed for SL. Each technique has a definition, coaching points and common faults.