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World History Empires Comparison by Mind Map: World History Empires
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World History Empires Comparison

Malinke (Mali) Empire (1200-1450 CE)


western Africa

along Niger River Valley

started by Sundiata Keita after conquering of Ghana Empire

Major Cities

Gao (capital city)

Timbuktu (important cultural and learning center)

Jenne (trade center)

Blending of Culture

Why?, willing adoption of Islam, not conquered

kings decided what culture to blend (depending on best interests)

Traditional Aspects, Cultural, kings still absolute and divine, Economic, major economic activity still farming, increased trade activity of gold and salt, Social, women still active in marketplace and economy

Influences from Islam, Cultural, Islam is state religion, Reinforcement of Traditions, patriarchal society, continued practice of polygamy

Mansa Musa

hajj in 1324, world knows wealth of Mali

procession into Mecca on pilgrimage, took so much gold that it was devalued, took pets, wives, children, servants

brings back people to spread Islamic culture, new mosques built in Sahel style, Arab scholars taken to Timbuktu


Civil War, lower and middle classes wanted more wealth

Songhai Empire, led by Sunni Ali (Islamic African), conquered Timbuktu and Jenne

Delhi Sultanate (1206-1526 CE)


northern India

Invasions of India

India was decentralized and ruled by princes

700s - Arabs in NW India

900s - rebellious Mamluks create new Islamic state

Ghazni Turks (Afghanistan) invade, Rajputs resisted Turks, warriors for princes, battled on elephants, battled on horses

Ghazni and Mamluks win, establish Sultanate

Major Cities

Delhi (Muslim Turks power center)

Changes Forced

Political, centralized power in absolute ruler, Sultan (leader), only Muslims in government (Persians, Afghans, Turks, Mongols), governed with Quran and Sharia (Islamic set of law codes)

Social, Hindu women forced to adopt veil (further seclusion), Hindus and Muslims lived in separate communities

Cultural, spoken language: Urdu (mix of Persian and Hindu languages), writings in Arabic, Islam introduced to India, did not force Hindus to convert

Economic, money from trade went to government, no wealthy merchant class

Traditional Aspects

Social, caste system kept, put Muslims at top, continuation of sati

Economic, most still famers, Indian Ocean Trade, cotton, gems, elephants, salt, cinnamon

Hinduism vs. Islam

Hinduism, polytheism, no beef (cow is sacred), women had no property rights, couldn't divorce or remarry, forced to adopt seclusion and veil, caste system, divine rule

Islam, monotheism, beef, women had property rights, could divorce or remarry, seclusion and veil, adopted caste system with Muslims at top, adopted divine rule


1398 - Tamerlane/Timur (Mongol) invades and kills many, Sultanate weakened

1526 - Babur (Mongol who had already converted to Islam) conquers Sultanate