My Foundations of Education

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My Foundations of Education by Mind Map: My Foundations of Education

1. Politics of Education

1.1. Conservative Perspective

1.1.1. Human progress is dependent on individual initiative.

1.1.2. Individuals have the capacity to do or not do.

1.1.3. Supports returning to basics.

1.2. Progressive Vision

1.2.1. A vehicle for upward mobility.

1.2.2. Progress to make things better.

1.2.3. New methods and techniques incorporated into education.

2. History of U.S. Education

2.1. Reform Movement

2.1.1. Opposition to Public Education

2.1.1.1. Public School versus Public Schools

2.1.2. Education for Women and African -Americans started in the nineteenth century and kept expanding throughout the twentieth century.

2.1.3. Urbanization and the Progressive Impetus

2.1.3.1. First Industrial Revelution

2.1.3.2. Immigrants

2.2. Historical interpretation of U.S. Education

3. Sociological Perspectives

3.1. School and Society

3.1.1. Shape the perception of children - socialization

3.1.1.1. Functional Theories

3.1.1.2. Conflict Theories

3.1.1.3. Interactional Theories

3.1.2. Effects of Schooling on Individuals

3.1.2.1. Knowledge and Attidtudes

3.1.2.2. Employment

3.1.2.3. Education and Mobility

4. Philosophy of Education

4.1. Realism

4.1.1. Generic Notion: Importance of ideas

4.1.2. Plato and Aristotle

4.1.3. Goal of Education: To help individuals understand and then apply the principles of science to help solve the problems plaguing the modern world.

4.1.4. Role of Teacher is to be able to transmit their knowledge of basic academic disciplines to students necessary for the continuance of the human race.

4.1.5. Method of Instruction: Lecture, Question, & Answer

4.1.6. Curriculum includes science, math, reading, writing, and humanities.

5. Schools as Organizations

5.1. Major Stakholders

5.1.1. Governor Robert J. Bently

5.1.2. State Senators

5.1.2.1. District 1 - Tim Melson

5.1.2.2. District 2 - William Holtzclaw

5.1.2.3. District 3 - Arthur Orr

5.1.2.4. District 7 - Paul Orr

5.1.2.5. District 8 - Steve Livingston

5.1.2.6. District 9 - Clay Scofield

5.1.3. House of Representatives

5.1.3.1. House District 6 - Phil Williams

5.1.3.2. House District 10 - Mike Ball

5.1.3.3. House District 19 - Laura Hall

5.1.3.4. House District 20 - Howard Sanderford

5.1.3.5. House District 21 - Jim Patterson

5.1.3.6. House District 22 - Ritchie Whorton

5.1.3.7. House District 25 - Mac McCutcheon

5.1.4. Superintendent - Dr. Dee O. Fowler

6. Curriculum and Pedagogy

6.1. The Historical Curriculum Theory that I would use is The Developmentalist Curriculum because it is related to the needs and interests of the student. The curriculum is student centered and flexible in both what is taught and how it is taught.

6.2. The Sociological Curriculum Theory that I would advocate is the Modern Functionalist Theory because it prepares students for the increasingly complex society

7. Equality of Opportunity

7.1. The educational achievement of Women has allowed women to now attain the same levels of education as men. Women are better students and also dropout less than men. The achievement gap has reduced. Women are better in math and reading than men.

7.2. James Coleman was a sociologist in the mid-1960's. The research available through technology allowed large amounts of data to be collected. The Coleman Study is the study of the relationship between the organizational charcateristics of schools and students.

8. Educational Inequality

8.1. There are two major Sociological explanations of unequal achievement are very different. Functionalist believe schools must provide fair way to sort out the best and brightest. Functionalists believe individual talent based on hard work is more important.

8.2. School Centered Explanations suggest that schools processes are centered to understanding unequal educational performance.

9. Educational Reform

9.1. School-based Reform became more relevant during the 1980's and1990's due to many schools failing. The differences in public and privatization became blurred in the 1990's. and still not clear. The corporations do see it as a multi-billion dollar education industry.

9.2. Community Reform is a way to overcome education inequality by educating the whole community.. Full service schools focus on meeting student needs, family, and other needs.The school can serve as acomunity center and provide other services such as adult education, health clinics, recreation facilities, and afterschool programs, etc.