## 1. Diagnostic Assessments: Is a type of assessment which examines what a student knows and can do before a learning program is implemented. This has aided in identifying students with special needs. It is an is a type of assessment which examines what a student knows and can do prior to a learning program being implemented. It is an assessment for learning.

### 1.1. Advantage

1.1.1. -Teachers can differentiate instruction and create strong lesson plans.

1.1.2. -Helps to establish a baseline in class.

1.1.3. -It can be specific to skill sets or subjects in class.

### 1.2. Disadvantage

1.2.1. -Students may not test well at certain times

1.2.2. -Students end up getting "labeled."

1.2.3. -It can be inaccurate at times

### 1.3. Kinder Example

1.3.1. Before beginning an activity in class(eg: math sum) students will be asked to solve on their own or identify .

## 2. Summative Assessments: They are formal assessments held over a period of time to asses the matter of the learning goal. It is an assessment OF learning

### 2.1. Advantages

2.1.1. -Filling out report cards are much easier, as it is multiple choice and can hone into skills that have been achieved.

2.1.2. -Helps to understand the class as a whole.

2.1.3. -Individual assessments can be held as students get more serious about it.

### 2.2. Disadvantages

2.2.1. -On the opposite spectrum, shy students can get anxious.

2.2.2. -Teaching younger kids naturally is an important part of their growth, but assessments like these can take that away from student development.

2.2.3. -Time consuming and can at time provide in accurate results.

### 2.3. Kinder Example

2.3.1. Either end of term or month, teachers will call students one by one during free play time to ask students phonetic sounds and number recognition.

## 3. High-Stakes Assessments: These are tests that are taken with high consequences for the student. They are made to decide about teachers, schools and students. It is an assessment OF learning.

### 3.1. Advantages

3.1.1. -Allows teachers to see where student is in the curriculum or standard, therefore keeping teachers and school/districts accountable.

3.1.2. -Large number of information and data is gathered.

### 3.2. Disadvantages

3.2.1. -High levels of anxiety in students which causes increase in dropout rates.

3.2.2. -For younger students, creative aspect is removed.

3.2.3. -May not show case the students fullest capabilities.

### 3.3. Kinder Example

3.3.1. State Standardized tests or the Kindergarten Common Core Tests

## 4. Formative Assessments: This is generally refers to a variety of methods that educators use to conduct evaluation of students from comprehension, learning needs to academic progress during the course. It is an assessment FOR learning.

### 4.1. Advantages

4.1.1. -Reduces anxiety amongst children during testing period.

4.1.2. -Students can be monitored easily during group time and keeps students engaged.

4.1.3. -Helps identify shortcomings and aide in lesson correction.

### 4.2. Disadvantages

4.2.1. -With younger students, there are chances of them not taking it seriously.

4.2.2. -It may not fit an individual students learning style.

4.2.3. -Can be time conssuming

### 4.3. Kinder Example

4.3.1. During reading, I play "I spy" games with sight words they have learnt.

## 5. Performance-Based Assessments: Students are asked to demonstrate their knowledge and skills. The purpose is to go passed their learning tests and showcase their problem solving skill sets. It is OF learning.

### 5.1. Advantages

5.1.1. -Provides teachers with more information on learning needs, therefore helping teachers to re-teach the lesson.

5.1.2. -Students are allowed to be creative through their problem solving.

### 5.2. Disadvantages

5.2.1. -Time and resources are needed.

5.2.2. -Training maybe required for some teachers.

5.2.3. -Younger students may have a hard time expressing themselves.

### 5.3. Kinder Example

5.3.1. A science experiment will take place in class, where students will have to use the basic scientific method to come to conclusion how it happens.

## 6. Portfolio Assessment: It is an alternative method of grading. It requires students to be evaluated through different tools, that document their development(e.g.: original work). It is an assessment OF learning.

### 6.1. Advantages

6.1.1. -Great for students that are shy in class.

6.1.2. - Shows students independence and individual-ness.

### 6.2. Disadvantages

6.2.1. -Resources and time are required to collect all the information.

6.2.2. -It may vary from teacher to teacher and student content.

6.2.3. -May take up space as it is not computerised.

### 6.3. Kinder Example

6.3.1. Younger students works are collect and put away in student folder, to be assessed at the end of the year.

## 7. Authentic Assessments: It is a realistic form os assessment where students opinions and thoughts are taken into account. It is showcased in a real-world way, where their abilities and skills would be demonstrated naturally. It is an assessment OF/FOR learning.

### 7.1. Advantages

7.1.1. -More effective and interesting to students, giving meaning and high level engagements with students.

7.1.2. - Looks at the students complete learning process.

### 7.2. Disadvantages

7.2.1. -Takes a lot of back and forth, therefore time consuming.

7.2.2. - Can be hard to grade, as it is to students taste.

### 7.3. Kinder Example

7.3.1. Story retelling- Where students would read a book together with key vocabulary or sight words. Student would have to summaries or explain in their own words to me what the story was about and what were the key words.

## 8. Self-Assessment: Students look at their own work to assess themselves. Students reflect on their work and feel responsible for their individual learning. It is an assessment FOR learning.

### 8.1. Advantages

8.1.1. -Students gain self confidence and self awareness of their mistakes.

8.1.2. -Students gain problem solving and judgment skills.

8.1.3. -Shy or nervous students are protected from their embarrassment of making mistakes.

### 8.2. Disadvantages

8.2.1. -Younger students might have a hard time recognizing their mistakes.

8.2.2. -It would not be reliable all the time.

### 8.3. Kinder Example

8.3.1. After a worksheet of maths in completed, teacher looks through the work at a quick glance. If mistakes are made, the paper is returned(without correction) and asked to double check for any mistakes.

## 9. Peer Assessment: This is where by the peers/students take part in assessing each others in their work in class. It is an assessment OF learning.

### 9.1. Advantages

9.1.1. -Gives students confidents and gives them responsibility.

9.1.2. -Students enjoy the experience of being a teacher to their friends.

9.1.3. -Reduces pressure for teachers

### 9.2. Disadvantages

9.2.1. -There are chances of peer pressure taking a negative effect, if a close eye isn’t kept on it.

9.2.2. -Chances of students giving the same outcome no matter the level, therefore cause grading to be inaccurate.

### 9.3. Kinder Example

9.3.1. Student reading- Students are put into groups of 2-3. Where they are meant to help read their first word books. When a student is stuck at a word, student partner aids them with hints and clues, without giving them the answer.