Biology unit 5º

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Biology unit 5º by Mind Map: Biology unit 5º

1. Birds and Mammals

1.1. Endotherms and breathe trough lungs

1.1.1. Birds Front limbs are wings Hollow and light bones Toothless mouth whit a beak Scales and feathers Vital functions Nutricion Reproduction Interaction Clasification Anseriformes Falconiformes Galliformes Ciconiformes Passerines

1.1.2. Mammals Mamary glands = milk feeding Skin covered by hair, fur, or blubber Four legs whit differents shapes and fingers Legs Arms Wings Fins Vital functions Nutricion Reproduction Interaction Clasification Monotremes Marsupials Placental mammals

2. Fish

2.1. Characteristics

2.1.1. Wider in the middle (hidrodinamic)

2.1.2. Fins Lateral Ventral Dorsal Caudal Lateral line

2.1.3. Gills

2.1.4. Eggs whit out shells

2.2. Clasification

2.2.1. Bony Bony skeleton Grills covered by operculum Caudal fin divided into two equal sides Trout, hake and salmon

2.2.2. Cartilaginous Cartilaginous skeleton Gills whit out cover Caudal fin divided in unequal sides Shark, ray and manta ray

3. General characteristics

3.1. Multicelulars

3.2. Eukariotes

3.3. Heterothropics

3.4. Animal kingdom

3.4.1. Invertebrates (subphylum)

3.4.2. Vertebrates (subphylum) Fish Amphibians Reptiles Birds Mammals

3.5. Vital functions

3.5.1. Nutricion Heterothropic Nutrients Digestive system Gas exchange Gills Lungs

3.5.2. Interaction Nervous system Brain Sense organ Response Spinal cord

3.5.3. Reproduction Sexual Oviparous Viviparous Oviviparous

4. Amphibians and reptiles

4.1. Amphibians

4.1.1. Thin skin and no impermeable (water dependency)

4.1.2. Big eyes and mouth

4.1.3. Four limbs whit webbeb feet

4.1.4. Clasification Anuras (no tail) Frogs and toads Hind legs are longer Urodela (tail) Newts and salamanders

4.1.5. Vital functions Reproduction sexual and oviparous Metamorphosis Nutricion Hervibores (young) Carnivores (adults) Interaction Vocal cords

4.2. Reptiles

4.2.1. Skin covered by scales

4.2.2. Water independence

4.2.3. Eggs whit hard shell

4.2.4. No methamorphosis

4.2.5. Tail, four limbs and five fingers

4.2.6. Classication: Chelonians (turtles whit caparace) Tortoise, turtle and terrapines Snakes (no legs) Vipers, cobra and rattle snakes Cocodriles (Big and powerfull jaws) Crocodrile, caiman and aligator Lizards (sentive tongue) Guecko, iguana and chameleon