Types of Assessments

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Types of Assessments by Mind Map: Types of Assessments

1. Summative

1.1. This method is use to see how much material students retained throughout a unit or period of instruction. Summative assessments are usually closely associated with final and or important grades.

1.2. Advantage

1.2.1. A formal way to test the knowledge of students to ensure they are understanding certain concepts and rules.

1.3. Disadvantage

1.3.1. Having to use class time for assessment taking away some time from students physical movement for the day.

1.4. Of or For

1.4.1. Summative is accounting for what the students have learned so it is of what the students know.

1.5. PE Example: At the end of a kickball unit a summative assessment can be given to check the understanding of all the rules of kickball.

2. Formative

2.1. An informal method of gauging what a students knows to determine how to proceed with instruction or intervention. This is also a great way to give feedback on what students have done well and areas of improvement.

2.2. Advantage

2.2.1. Students do not have to know that you are assessing them. Less stressful and can be more encouraging with feedback on what students are doing well and how they can improve.

2.3. Disadvantage

2.3.1. Having to be organized and making sure every student is assessed and given consistent and meaningful feedback.

2.4. Of or For

2.4.1. This type of assessment helps in both categories teachers are looking at what students know and understand to determine what will be instructed in upcoming lessons.

2.5. PE Example: Students are learning how to catch and throw with bean bags. Teacher observes and gives feed back to students on their progress and teacher is able to decide when the class will be ready to transition to using round balls to catch and throw.

3. Diagnostic

3.1. An assessment that looks at the prior knowledge of students to determine what they are familiar with and where they are lacking.

3.2. Advantage

3.2.1. Teachers can get a good understanding of where students are to help solidify future lessons and how materials will be delivered.

3.3. Disadvantage

3.3.1. Having students at many different levels and figuring out ways to frame a lesson with many different learning capabilities and prior knowledge.

3.4. Of or For

3.4.1. This is an assessment of learning because it is based on prior knowledge of what has already occurred in a students school career.

3.5. PE Example: assessing students on prior knowledge of  certain team sports and exercises.

4. High-Stakes

4.1. Used to make important decisions in reference to students, teachers schools and districts. Theses assessments use the results to determine the future of an establishment and even what type of funding they can receive.

4.2. Advantage

4.2.1. If students perform well the school could have opportunities to be given more funds or experiences based off students results.

4.3. Disadvantage

4.3.1. If students perform poorly that places a lot of pressure on teacher and students to improve in trouble areas especial if it is a topic of low interest.

4.4. Of or For

4.4.1. This is an of,  where students are assessed on what they know and how well they know it or what they can do physically and how well they can do it.

4.5. PE Example:  PE fitness test can be a high stakes test where the physical fitness of students are assessed throughout the year to see if there are any improvements.

5. Performance Based

5.1. Used to measure what skills, knowledge and materials student has learned in relation to "real world" situations.

5.2. Advantage

5.2.1. Being able to see students perform real task and see where they need extra assistance or guidance.

5.3. Disadvantage

5.3.1. Keeping students encouraged who may not be as skilled in that area to perform the task to the best of their ability.

5.4. Of or For

5.4.1. Both of and for learning purposes can be useful. Student can display what they already knew and have learned and teachers can see where they help students improve.

5.5. PE Example: Student play a game of kickball. Teacher observes students in a number of different positions like kicking fielding and protecting a base teacher is then able to see strengths and weaknesses of students and develop lessons to help improve and grow.

6. Portfolio

6.1. This method of assessment is a collection of work, documents pictures, videos ect to display evidence of what students have been doing a learning over a certain period of time.

6.2. Advantage

6.2.1. Student and teachers have tangible evidence of learning that took place. Student can have a keepsake to take home and reference and display for family and friends.

6.3. Disadvantage

6.3.1. The amount of time it may take to put together on only a certain topic where other areas of learning may be put off to complete the portfolio.

6.4. Of or For

6.4.1. The portfolio is a reference of what students have been learning.

6.5. PE Example: Students can put together a rule book of team sports learned throughout the year, along with a video of how to play the game correctly.

7. Authentic

7.1. Creates "real world" experiences that simulates authentic situations that help challenge and prepare students with a non traditional hands on approach.

7.2. Advantage

7.2.1. Students are put in a "real life" or "game like" situation that they may encounter again. It can help boost confidence and help students identify areas they can work on.

7.3. Disadvantage

7.3.1. Students not taking the assesment serously and teachers not being able to truly gauge their level of undrstanding.

7.4. Of or For

7.4.1. This will be an assessment of the students knowledge and understanding of the task at hand.

7.5. PE Example: Student vs. Teacher team sport game to challenge students to display all the knowledge and skills they have learned.

8. Self Assessment

8.1. Student reflect on quality of work and efforts made for an assignment or throughout a time, period or course work. Students are given the opportunity to grade themselves with a set of standards for comparison. Students are able to self regulate their learning experience by having an idea of areas they are comfortable with and places where they need more assistance.

8.2. Advantage

8.2.1. Students can be honest with themselves and truly look at things they are good at how they can improve on those things as well as identifying areas they need help understanding for them to grow and develop.

8.3. Disadvantage

8.3.1. Student that are either really hard on themselves or they feel like they are great at everything and see no areas they need to improve in.

8.4. Of or For

8.4.1. This is for learning purposes to help the students gain better knowledge and understanding of themselves.

8.5. PE Example: Student video tapes himself kicking a ball and assesses there body posture and how their foot strikes the ball as well as their leg follow through. Student is able to recognize that they can improve the power and direction of their kick by using the inside of their foot instead of their toes.

9. Peer Assessment

9.1. Students within the class setting are given the opportunity to monitor, give feedback and assess other classmates according to a rubric provided to them by the teacher. This helps students think critically on helpful ways to assess their classmates.

9.2. Advantage

9.2.1. Having another set of eyes outside of the teacher watching to help and monitor students performing certain task.

9.3. Disadvantage

9.3.1. Students not giving accurate feedback or assessments.

9.4. Of or For

9.4.1. Students will need accurate assessment to understand what they have learned and performed well and where they can improve so this is of and for.

9.5. PE Example: Peers monitor the way a student rolls a ball to strike a target and ensures the student releases and follows through with they ball after taking a step and making sure the ball does not bounce on the floor prior to hitting the designated target.

9.5.1. References: University of Exeter:  http://www.exeter.ac.uk/staff/development/academic/assessmentandfeedback/principlesofassessment/typesofassessment-definitions/  PE Central: http://www.pecentral.org/assessment/assessmentdef.html