Vladimir Lenin 1870-1924

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Vladimir Lenin 1870-1924 by Mind Map: Vladimir Lenin 1870-1924

1. Childhood and University years 1870-1893

1.1. Vladimir Lenin was born with the name  Vladimir "Volodya" Ilyich and was born in Simbirsk on 10 April 1870.

1.1.1. Vladimir had two older siblings. One sister and brother. The sisters name was Anna and the brothers name was Alexander. He had three younger siblings. Two younger sisters and one younger brother. Their names were Olga, Maria, and Dmitry.

1.2. Vladimir's dad Ilya died on January of 1886 of a brain hemorrhage when he was only 16.

1.2.1. Vladimir's brothers were executed for being conspirators.

1.3. Vladimir went to Kazan University to study law in August of 1887.

1.3.1. He was then appointed the representative speaker for the zemlyachestvo.

1.3.1.1. Zemlyachestvo is (a group of men from Samara-Simbirsk) and an agrarian-socialist revolutionary cell.

1.4. In September 1889, the Ulyanov family moved to the city of Samara, where Lenin joined Alexei Sklyarenko's socialist discussion circle. Both Lenin and Sklyarenko adopted Marxism, with Lenin translating Marx and Friedrich Engels' 1848 political pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto, into Russian.

1.4.1. Vladimir discovered Karl Marx's book Capital that was written in 1867 and Vladimir accepted Marxism.

1.4.1.1. Marxism is socio-political theory that argued that society developed in stages, that this development resulted from class struggle, and moreover that capitalist society would ultimately give way to socialist society and then communist society.

1.5. In May 1890, Maria convinced the authorities to allow Lenin to take his exams externally at a university of his choice. He chose the University of St Petersburg, and obtained the equivalent of a first-class degree with honors.

1.5.1. The graduation celebrations were marred when his sister Olga died of typhoid. Lenin remained in Samara for several years. In January 1892, he worked as a legal assistant for a regional court, and later worked with a local lawyer. He devoted much time to radical politics, remaining active in Skylarenko's group and formulating ideas about how Marxism applied to Russia.

1.5.1.1. Inspired by Plekhanov's work, Lenin collected data on Russian society, using it to support a Marxist interpretation of societal development and increasingly rejecting the claims of the Narodniks. In spring 1893, Lenin submitted his paper "New Economic Developments in Peasant Life" to the liberal journal Russian Thought, but it was rejected and appeared in print only much later.

2. Activism and Revolution 1893-1917

2.1. Lenin hoped to cement connections between his Social-Democrats and Emancipation of Labour, a group of Russian Marxist emigres based in Switzerland; he visited the country to meet group members Plekhanov and Pavel Axelrod. He proceeded to Paris to meet Marx's son-in-law Paul Lafargue and to research the Paris Commune of 1871, which he considered an early prototype for a proletarian government.

2.1.1. Financed by his mother, he stayed in a Swiss health spa before traveling to Berlin, where he studied for six weeks at the Staatsbibliothek and met the Marxist activist Wilhelm Liebknecht. Returning to Russia with a stash of illegal revolutionary publications, he traveled to various cities distributing literature to striking workers.

2.1.1.1. While involved in producing a news sheet, Rabochee delo ("Workers' Cause"), he was among 40 activists arrested and charged with sedition.

2.2. In autumn 1893, Lenin moved to Saint Petersburg. There, he worked as a barrister's assistant and rose to a senior position in a Marxist revolutionary cell that called itself the "Social-Democrats" after the Marxist Social Democratic Party of Germany.

2.2.1. He began a romantic relationship with Marxist schoolteacher Nadezhda "Nadya" Krupskaya. He also authored a political tract criticizing the Narodnik agrarian-socialists, What the "Friends of the People" Are and How They Fight the Social-Democrats, based largely on his experiences in Samara; around 200 copies were illegally printed in 1894.

3. Lenin's Government

4. Political Ideology

5. Personal Life and Characteristic

6. Legacy