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BURUNDI FACTS! by Mind Map: BURUNDI FACTS!

1. POPULATION

1.1. 7,795,000

2. CAPITAL

2.1. Bijumbura

3. LANGUAGE

3.1. Kirundi

3.2. French

3.3. Swahili

4. RELIGION

4.1. Roman Catholic

4.2. Muslim

4.3. Protestant

4.4. Indigenous belief

5. CURRENCY

5.1. Burundi franc

6. GOVERNMENT

6.1. Republic

6.2. EXECUTIVE POWER

6.3. LEGISLATIVE POWER

6.3.1. 2 chambers of parliament

6.3.1.1. SENATE

6.3.1.2. NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

7. PRESIDENT

7.1. Pierre Nkurunziza

7.1.1. head of state

7.1.2. a former rebel leader of the Hutu National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Defense of Democracy who was elected unopposed as the new President of Burundi by the parliament on 19 August 2005

7.1.3. the first president chosen through democratic

7.1.3.1. replacing transitional president Domitien Ndayizeye

8. INHABITANTS

8.1. ORIGINAL

8.1.1. Twa

8.1.1.1. a Pygmy people who now make up only 1% of the population.

8.2. TODAY

8.2.1. Hutu

8.2.1.1. 85%

8.2.1.2. agricultural people

8.2.1.3. short & square

8.2.2. Tutsi

8.2.2.1. 14%

8.2.2.2. cattle-owning elite

8.2.2.3. tall & thin

8.2.2.4. since independence, the landowning Tutsi aristocracy has dominated Burundi

8.2.3. 1933

8.2.3.1. requirement by the Belgians that everyone carry an identity card indicating tribal ethnicity as Tutsi or Hutu increased the distinction

8.3. SIMILARITY OF HUTU & TUTSI

8.3.1. same langugae

8.3.2. history of intermarriage

8.3.3. share many cultural charactersitics

9. POLITICAL HISTORY

9.1. 1923

9.1.1. Belgium won a League of Nations mandate

9.1.2. subsequently Burundi, with Rwanda, was transferred to the status of a United Nations trust territory

9.2. 1962

9.2.1. Burundi gained independence

9.2.1.1. under Mwami Mwambutsa IV, a Tutsi

9.3. 1965

9.3.1. Hutu rebellion took place

9.3.1.1. leading to brutal Tutsi retaliations

9.4. 1966

9.4.1. Mwambutsa was deposed by his son, Ntaré V

9.4.2. Ntaré in turn was overthrown in a military coup by Premier Michel Micombero, also a Tutsi

9.5. 1970–1971

9.5.1. a civil war erupted, leaving more than 100,000 Hutu dead

9.6. Nov. 1, 1976

9.6.1. Lt. Col. Jean-Baptiste Bagaza led a coup and assumed the presidency

9.6.1.1. suspended the constitution and announced that a 30-member Supreme Revolutionary Council would be the governing body

9.7. Sept. 1987

9.7.1. Bagaza was overthrown by Maj. Pierre Buyoya, who became president

9.8. Aug. 1988

9.8.1. about 20,000 Hutu were slaughtered

9.8.1.1. Buyoya, however, began reforms to heal the country's ethnic rift

9.9. June 2, 1993

9.9.1. The Burundi Democracy Front's candidate, Melchior Ndadaye, won the country's first democratic presidential elections

9.9.1.1. Ndadaye, the first Hutu to assume power in Burundi, was killed within months during a coup

9.10. April 6, 1994

9.10.1. The second Hutu president, Cyprien Ntaryamira, was killed when a plane carrying him and the Rwandan president was shot down

9.10.1.1. Hutu youth gangs began massacring Tutsi; the Tutsi-controlled army retaliated by killing Hutus.

10. PARTY SYSTEM

10.1. multi

11. VICE PRESIDENT

11.1. Thérence Sinunguruza

11.1.1. PARTY OF CNDD-FDD

11.2. Gervais Rufyikiri

11.2.1. PARTY OF UPRONA

12. LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

12.1. National Assembly

12.1.1. 118 members

12.1.2. elected for a five-year term by proportional representation with a 2% barrier

12.2. Senate

12.2.1. 49 members

12.2.2. elected for a five-year term by electoral colleges of communal councilors

12.3. Extra seats in both chambers can be added to ensure that ethnic and gender quotas are met

12.4. has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and a third party that is electorally successful

12.4.1. Parties are usually based on ethnic background