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Existence of God by Mind Map: Existence of God
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Existence of God

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Fifth Meditation

With regard to God, in the 3rd Med, D argued, primarily, that the essence of God is of a being who is supremely perfect, infinite, eternal, immutable, independent, powerful, etc.

In the 5th Med, D returns to topics of matter and God. As with the 2nd Med, D considers the essence of matter. As with the 3rd Med, D considers both the essence and existence of God, but with a new twist.

THE ESSENCE OF MATTER

THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT

5TH MED SUMMARY

Introduction

1596-1650

Regarded as the founder of modern philosophy.

Wrote 'Meditations' at a time when people where looking for answers. It was clear that appealing to authority wouldn't do.

Third Meditation - The First Argument

Makes use of scholastic metaphysical concepts and principles.

Presents 2 problems

This Med presents the TRADEMARK ARGUMENT because the thinker's idea of God is described as if it were a trademark that the creator has left in his creature.

Critique

AQUINAS

KANT

Background

The first 2 arguments are sceptical and threatened all knowledge but knowledge of self - which is provided in the cogito. In the 3rd Med, the thinker turns to question God.

Descartes believes that he can prove the existence of God.

Knowledge of God = the foundation of all knowledge rather than immediate self-knowledge.

Two independent arguments for existence of God are given in the Med's: One in Med 3 and the other in Med 5...

THE TRADEMARK ARGUMENT

The thinking begins by reflecting on the mind (whose existence D has proven)

We can know the essence of God just as we could know the essence of material things just by reflecting on our concepts.

The thinker focuses on a question about causality. What is the cause of this idea that one has of God? According to the thinker, it is self-evident.

CAUSAL ADEQUACY PRINCIPLE: