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Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution: PBS Independent Lense by Mind Map: Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution: PBS Independent Lense
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Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution: PBS Independent Lense

The Art of the Panthers

Emory Douglas

Emory Douglas Emory Douglas worked as the Minister of Culture for the Black Panther Party from 1967 until the Party disbanded in the 1980s. His graphic art was featured in most issues of the newspaper The Black Panther.

What was the Goal of the Black Panthers?

Ten Point Plan

Black Panther Breakfast Program

Overthrowing the Government of the United States

Are there any parallels to the Black Lives Matter?


Several Panthers brought loaded guns into the state legislature

"New York 21"

Los Angeles, CA

Oakland, CA

Split of the Party

Current Events

Main Figures

Original Six Members

Original six members of the Black Panther Party (1966) Top left to right: Elbert "Big Man" Howard, Huey P. Newton (Defense Minister), Sherwin Forte, Bobby Seale (Chairman) Bottom: Reggie Forte and Little Bobby Hutton (Treasurer).

Huey Newton

Huey Percy Newton was an African-American political activist and revolutionary who, along with Bobby Seale, co-founded the Black Panther Party in 1966. Newton had a long series of confrontations with law enforcement, including several convictions, while he participated in political activism. He continued to pursue an education, eventually earning a Ph.D. in social philosphy. Newton spent time in prison for manslaughter due to his alleged involvement in a shooting that killed a police officer, but was later acquitted. In 1989 he was shot and killed in Oakland, California,

The Cleavers

Bobby Hutton

David Hilliard

David Hilliard was a member of the Black Panther Party. He was Chief of Staff in the party. He is currently a visiting instructor at the University of New Mexico. Hilliard was convicted on two counts of assault with a deadly weapon for his part in a 1968 ambush of the Oakland Police in retribution for the assassination of Martin Luther King. The April 6, 1968 ambush resulted in the death of Panther Bobby Hutton and the capture of Panther Eldridge Cleaver, who masterminded the botched operation. In July 1971, Hilliard was sentenced to one to ten years and incarcerated at Vacaville Prison. In January 1973 while serving a sentence of six months to 10 years, he was denied parole. In his autobiography Revolutionary Suicide, Huey P. Newton claimed the district attorney of Alameda County was attempting to send Hilliard to prison on "trumped up charges". With Fredrika Newton, Hilliard later formed the Dr. Huey P. Newton Foundation.

Bobby Seale

Robert George "Bobby" Seale is an American political activist. With Huey Newton he co-founded the Black Panther Party.

Fred Hampton

Fred Hampton was an African-American activist, chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party, and deputy chairman of the national BPP. He was murdered while sleeping at his apartment during a raid by a tactical unit of the Cook County, Illinois State's Attorney's Office, in conjunction with the Chicago Police Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Hampton's murder was chronicled in the documentary film The Murder of Fred Hampton as well as an episode of the critically acclaimed documentary series Eyes on the Prize.

Recruitment or Volunteer

Many arrived with no background check or realizing who they were.

The Law & The Black Panthers


Federal Bureau of Investigations

Why did the party fail?

Image & Persona

A persona, in the word's everyday usage, is a social role or a character played by an actor. The word is derived from Latin, where it originally referred to a theatrical mask. The Latin word probably derived from the Etruscan word "phersu", with the same meaning, and that from the Greek πρόσωπον. Its meaning in the latter Roman period changed to indicate a "character" of a theatrical performance or court of law, when it became apparent that different individuals could assume the same role, and legal attributes such as rights, powers, and duties followed the role. The same individuals as actors could play different roles, each with its own legal attributes, sometimes even in the same court appearance. According to other sources, which also admit that the origin of the term is not completely clear, persona could possible be related to the latin verb per-sonare, literally: sounding through, with an obvious link to the above-mentioned theatrical mask.

Male Chauvinistic Tone


"A Gang" or "A Terrorist Organization"

Discussion Guide

Lesson Plan & Other material

San Francisco Film Classroom Guide*


What are the Limitations of Free Speech?

Skokie & More

We can only so far - If there is a potential for a protest, then free speech is cut off.

Key Concepts

Activism African-American History Civil Rights


Government Surveillance Media

Oakland, CA

Organized Resistance Policing


US History