14 categories of disabilities as identified by IDEA

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14 categories of disabilities as identified by IDEA by Mind Map: 14 categories of disabilities as identified by IDEA

1. Autism

1.1. Accommodations/modifications

1.1.1. Set routine for school day

1.1.2. Give adequate notice for change

1.1.3. Provide area students can go to when stimulation is high or overwhelmed

1.1.4. Be aware of sounds and noise

1.1.5. Provide clear and concise expectations and instruction

1.2. Assisted Technology

1.2.1. Visual supports

1.2.2. computers/smart boards

1.2.3. timers

2. Deaf-Blindness

2.1. Accommodations/modifications

2.1.1. See visual impairment and deafness

2.2. Assisted Technology

2.2.1. See visual impairment and deafness

3. Deafness

3.1. Accommodations/modifications

3.1.1. Noise reduction:  carpets, other sound absorption materials

3.1.2. Use of visual supplements

3.1.3. Captioning for TV, movies, and videos

3.1.4. Peer note-taker

3.1.5. Educational Interpreter: ASL, sign language, cued speech

3.2. Assisted Technology

3.2.1. Personal hearing device

3.2.2. Infrared Systems

3.2.3. Flashing TImer

3.2.4. Speak to text

3.2.5. Text to speak

4. Developmental Delay

4.1. Accommodations/modifications

4.1.1. Visual cues

4.1.2. Clear and predictable daily schedule

4.1.3. Build student motivation

4.1.4. Provide structured social interactions

4.2. Assisted Technology

4.2.1. Audio books

4.2.2. Smart boards

4.2.3. Personal digital assistants

5. Emotional Disturbance

5.1. Accommodations/modifications

5.1.1. Support inclusion

5.1.2. Set clear behavior rules and expectations

5.1.3. Recognize accomplishments

5.1.4. Extra time for activities/tests

5.1.5. Follow low interest activities with high interest

5.2. Assisted Technology

5.2.1. Computer based curriculum

6. Hearing Impairment

6.1. Accommodations/modifications

6.1.1. See deafness

6.2. Assisted Technology

6.2.1. See deafness

7. Intellectual Disability

7.1. Accommodations/modifications

7.1.1. Be concrete: provide pictures or demonstrations as well as verbal instructions

7.1.2. Longer breaks

7.1.3. Immediate feedback

7.1.4. Break up tasks into smaller steps

7.2. Assisted Technology

7.2.1. Audio books

7.2.2. Smart boards

7.2.3. Personal digital assistants

8. Multiple Disabilities

8.1. Accommodations/modifications

8.1.1. Will depend on impairments students are facing

8.2. Assisted Technology

8.2.1. Will depend on impairments students are facing

9. Orthopedic Impairment

9.1. Accommodations/modifications

9.1.1. Special seating

9.1.2. focus on development of fine and gross motor skills

9.1.3. Adapted physical education

9.2. Assisted Technology

9.2.1. Adaptive seating

9.2.2. Prone standers

9.2.3. Standing tables

9.2.4. walkers and mobile supports

9.2.5. wheelchairs

9.2.6. Timer camera

9.2.7. Mobility scooters

10. Other Health Impairment

10.1. Accommodations/modifications

10.1.1. Note takers

10.1.2. Flexible attendance requirements

10.1.3. Ergonomic work stations

10.1.4. environments that reduce fatigue/injury

10.2. Assisted technology

10.2.1. Assignments available electronically

10.2.2. recorded class sessions

10.2.3. ergonomic keybords

10.2.4. speak to text/text to speak

11. Specific Learning disability

11.1. Accommodations/modifications

11.1.1. Peer note takers

11.1.2. Allow extra test time

11.1.3. Allow students to record lesson

11.1.4. Break large assignments into smaller portions

11.2. Assisted Technology

11.2.1. Audio players and recorders

11.2.2. Timers

11.2.3. Writing supports

11.2.4. FM listening systems

12. Speech or Language Impairment

12.1. Accommodations/modifications

12.1.1. Allow student ample time to express themselves or answer question

12.1.2. Peer tutor

12.1.3. Extended test taking time

12.1.4. Provide copy of class notes

12.2. Assisted Technology

12.2.1. Assisted listening devices

12.2.2. Augmentative and alternative communication devices

12.2.3. Alerting devices

13. Traumatic Brain Injury

13.1. Accommodation/modifications

13.1.1. Minimize outside noise and visual stimulation

13.1.2. Preferential seating

13.1.3. small group instruction

13.1.4. provide verbal and written instruction

13.1.5. Give short, frequent quizzes

13.2. Assisted Technology

13.2.1. Wheelchairs, scooters, walkers

13.2.2. Toys and games

13.2.3. Computer hardware and software

13.2.4. Personal digital assistant

14. Visual Impairment, Including Blindness

14.1. Accommodations/modifications

14.1.1. Hands on experiences

14.1.2. Peer note takers

14.1.3. Clear directions

14.1.4. Oral Description or narration

14.2. Assisted Technology

14.2.1. Low vision devices-near and far

14.2.2. Braille writer

14.2.3. Personal digital assistant

14.2.4. Talking calculator