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Biology by Mind Map: Biology

1. Grade 12

1.1. Scientific Investigation Skills and Career Exploration

1.1.1. demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing and recording, analysing and interpreting, and communicating)

1.1.2. identify and describe careers related to the fields of science under study, and describe contributions of scientists, including Canadians, to those fields.

1.2. Biochemistry

1.2.1. analyse technological applications of enzymes in some industrial processes, and evaluate technological advances in the field of cellular biology

1.2.2. investigate the chemical structures, functions, and chemical properties of biological molecules involved in some common cellular processes and biochemical reactions;

1.2.3. demonstrate an understanding of the structures and functions of biological molecules, and the biochemical reactions required to maintain normal cellular function.

1.3. Metabolic Processes

1.3.1. analyse the role of metabolic processes in the functioning of biotic and abiotic systems, and evaluate the importance of an understanding of these processes and related technologies to personal choices made in everyday life;

1.3.2. investigate the products of metabolic processes such as cellular respiration and photosynthesis;

1.3.3. demonstrate an understanding of the chemical changes and energy conversions that occur in metabolic processes.

1.4. Molecular Genetics

1.4.1. analyse some of the social, ethical, and legal issues associated with genetic research and biotechnology;

1.4.2. investigate, through laboratory activities, the structures of cell components and their roles in processes that occur within the cell;

1.4.3. demonstrate an understanding of concepts related to molecular genetics, and how genetic modification is applied in industry and agriculture.

1.5. Homeostasis

1.5.1. evaluate the impact on the human body of selected chemical substances and of environmental factors related to human activity;

1.5.2. investigate the feedback mechanisms that maintain homeostasis in living organisms

1.5.3. demonstrate an understanding of the anatomy and physiology of human body systems, and explain the mechanisms that enable the body to maintain homeostasis.

1.6. Population Dynamics

1.6.1. analyse the relationships between population growth, personal consumption, technological development, and our ecological footprint, and assess the effectiveness of some Canadian initiatives intended to assist expanding populations;

1.6.2. investigate the characteristics of population growth, and use models to calculate the growth of populations within an ecosystem;

1.6.3. demonstrate an understanding of concepts related to population growth, and explain the factors that affect the growth of various populations of species.

2. Grade 9

2.1. Sustainable Ecosystems

2.1.1. Academic

2.1.1.1. assess the impact of human activities on the sustainability of terrestrial and/or aquatic ecosystems, and evaluate the effectiveness of courses of action intended to remedy or mitigate negative impacts;

2.1.1.2. investigate factors related to human activity that affect terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and explain how they affect the sustainability of these ecosystems;

2.1.1.3. demonstrate an understanding of the dynamic nature of ecosystems, particularly in terms of ecological balance and the impact of human activity on the sustainability of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

2.1.2. Applied

2.1.2.1. analyse the impact of human activity on terrestrial or aquatic ecosystems, and assess the  effectiveness of selected initiatives related to environmental sustainability;

2.1.2.2. investigate some factors related to human activity that affect terrestrial or aquatic ecosystems, and describe the consequences that these factors have for the sustainability of these ecosystems;

2.1.2.3. demonstrate an understanding of characteristics of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, the interdependence within and between ecosystems, and the impact humans have on the sustainability of these ecosystems.

3. Grade 10

3.1. Tissues, Organs, and Systems of Living Things

3.1.1. Academic

3.1.1.1. evaluate the importance of medical and other technological developments related to systems biology, and analyse their societal and ethical implications;

3.1.1.2. investigate cell division, cell specialization, organs, and systems in animals and plants, using research and inquiry skills, including various laboratory techniques;

3.1.1.3. demonstrate an understanding of the hierarchical organization of cells, from tissues, to organs, to systems in animals and plants.

3.1.2. Applied

3.1.2.1. analyse some current technologies or substances that have an impact on human tissues, organs, or systems, and evaluate their effects on human health;

3.1.2.2. investigate cell division, cell specialization, and the organization of systems in animals, including humans, using various laboratory techniques

3.1.2.3. demonstrate an understanding of the hierarchical organization of cells, from tissues, to organs, to systems in animals, including humans.

4. Grade 11

4.1. SBI3U

4.1.1. Scientific investigation Skills and career exploration

4.1.1.1. demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing and recording, analysing and interpreting, and communicating);

4.1.1.2. identify and describe careers related to the fields of science under study, and describe the contributions of scientists, including Canadians, to those fields

4.1.2. Diversity of Living Things

4.1.2.1. analyse the effects of various human activities on the diversity of living things;

4.1.2.2. investigate, through laboratory and/or field activities or through simulations, the principles of scientific classification, using appropriate sampling and classification techniques;

4.1.2.3. demonstrate an understanding of the diversity of living organisms in terms of the principles of taxonomy and phylogeny.

4.1.3. Evolution

4.1.3.1. analyse the economic and environmental advantages and disadvantages of an artificial selection technology, and evaluate the impact of environmental changes on natural selection and endangered species;

4.1.3.2. investigate evolutionary processes, and analyse scientific evidence that supports the theory of evolution;

4.1.3.3. demonstrate an understanding of the theory of evolution, the evidence that supports it, and some of the mechanisms by which it occurs.

4.1.4. Genetic Processes

4.1.4.1. evaluate the importance of some recent contributions to our knowledge of genetic processes, and analyse social and ethical implications of genetic and genomic research;

4.1.4.2. investigate genetic processes, including those that occur during meiosis, and analyse data to solve basic genetics problems involving monohybrid and dihybrid crosses;

4.1.4.3. demonstrate an understanding of concepts, processes, and technologies related to the transmission of hereditary characteristics.

4.1.5. Animals: Structure and Function

4.1.5.1. analyse the relationships between changing societal needs, technological advances, and our understanding of internal systems of humans;

4.1.5.2. investigate, through laboratory inquiry or computer simulation, the functional responses of the respiratory and circulatory systems of animals, and the relationships between their respiratory, circulatory, and digestive systems

4.1.5.3. demonstrate an understanding of animal anatomy and physiology, and describe disorders of the respiratory, circulatory, and digestive systems.

4.1.6. Plants: Anatomy, Growth, and Function

4.1.6.1. evaluate the importance of sustainable use of plants to Canadian society and other cultures

4.1.6.2. investigate the structures and functions of plant tissues, and factors affecting plant growth;

4.1.6.3. demonstrate an understanding of the diversity of vascular plants, including their structures, internal transport systems, and their role in maintaining biodiversity.

4.2. SBI3C

4.2.1. Scientific Investigation Skills and Career Exploration

4.2.1.1. demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing and recording, analysing and interpreting, and communicating);

4.2.1.2. identify and describe careers related to the fields of science under study, and describe the contributions of scientists, including Canadians, to those fields.

4.2.2. Cellular Biology

4.2.2.1. evaluate the impact of environmental factors and medical technologies on certain cellular processes that occur in the human body;

4.2.2.2. investigate the structures and functions of cells, and the factors that influence cellular activity, using appropriate laboratory equipment and techniques

4.2.2.3. demonstrate an understanding of the basic processes of cellular biology.

4.2.3. Microbiology

4.2.3.1. assess the effects of microorganisms in the environment, and analyse ethical issues related to their use in biotechnology;

4.2.3.2. investigate the development and physical characteristics of microorganisms, using appropriate laboratory equipment and techniques;

4.2.3.3. demonstrate an understanding of the diversity of microorganisms and the relationships that exist between them.

4.2.4. Genetics

4.2.4.1. evaluate some social, ethical, and environmental implications of genetic research and related technologies;

4.2.4.2. investigate the process of meiosis, and analyse data related to the laws of heredity;

4.2.4.3. demonstrate an understanding of the process of meiosis, and explain the role of genes in the transmission of hereditary characteristics.

4.2.5. Anatomy of Mammals

4.2.5.1. analyse the social or economic impact of a technology used to treat systems in the human body, and the impact of lifestyle choices on human health;

4.2.5.2. investigate, through laboratory inquiry or computer simulation, the anatomy, physiology, and response mechanisms of mammals;

4.2.5.3. demonstrate an understanding of the structure, function, and interactions of the circulatory, digestive, and respiratory systems of mammals.

4.2.6. Plants in the Natural Environment

4.2.6.1. analyse the roles of plants in ecosystems, and assess the impact of human activities on the balance of plants within those ecosystems;

4.2.6.2. investigate some of the factors that affect plant growth;

4.2.6.3. demonstrate an understanding of the structure and physiology of plants and their role in the natural environment.