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1. Autism

1.1. a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engaging in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences. The term autism does not apply if the child’s educational performance is adversely affected primarily because the child has an emotional disturbance,

1.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: Be consistent and Predictable visually and verbally Visually and Verbally

1.1.2. Assistive Technology: Autis Mate

1.1.3. Case Study Ryan:

2. Deaf-Blindness

2.1. concomitant [simultaneous] hearing and visual impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with deafness or children with blindness.

2.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: Start communication with a gentle touch Associate certain objects with specific activities.

2.1.2. Assistive Technology: ALD's -a device worn by instructor

3. Deafness

3.1. a hearing impairment so severe that a child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

3.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: Face Student when speaking Provide sign language interpreter

3.1.2. Assistive Technology: Video with Closed Captions

4. Developmental Delay

4.1. for children from birth to age three (under IDEA Part C) and children from ages three through nine (under IDEA Part B), the term developmental delay, as defined by each State, means a delay in one or more of the following areas: physical development; cognitive development; communication; social or emotional development; or adaptive [behavioral] development.

4.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: Provide visual aids instead of words

4.1.2. Assisitive Technology: V+ or Vmax +

5. Emotional distubance

5.1. a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child’s educational performance:

5.1.1. An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors.

5.1.2. An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers.

5.1.3. Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances. Adaptive Instruction: Make rules clear. Establish routines. Reward student for good behavior.

5.1.4. A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.

5.1.5. A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

5.2. The term includes schizophrenia. The term does not apply to children who are socially maladjusted, unless it is determined that they have an emotional disturbance.

5.2.1. Assistive Technology: Describe with Art

6. Hearing Impairment

6.1. an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance but is not included under the definition of “deafness.”

6.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: Face student when speaking. Provide Visuals

6.1.2. Assisitve Technology: Picture IT

7. Intellectual Disablility

7.1. significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently [at the same time] with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

7.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: Provide visual aids instead of words. Allow Verbal responses instead of written and remind student of transitions.

7.1.2. Assistive Technology: Autis Mate

8. Multiple Disabilities

8.1. concomitant [simultaneous] impairments (such as intellectual disability-blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedic impairment, etc.), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a special education program solely for one of the impairments. The term does not include deaf-blindness.

8.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: Practice and reinforce new task or concepts

8.1.2. Assistive Technology: Autis Mate

9. Orthopedic Impairment

9.1. a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis), and impairments from other causes (e.g.,cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures).

9.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: Make seating arrangement allow the student comfort and the ability to move around the classroom

10. Other Health Impairment

10.1. having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that— (a) is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, sickle cell anemia, and Tourette syndrome; and (b) adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

10.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: Post rules, schedules and assignments. Give student brain breaks

10.1.2. Assistive Technology: Mobility Scooter

11. Specific Learning Disability

11.1. a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations. The term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. The term does not include learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities; of intellectual disability; of emotional disturbance; or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.

11.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: break task into smaller steps and give directions verbally and written

11.1.2. Assistive Technology: Tape recorder and reading machine

11.1.3. Case Study:

12. Speech or Language Impairment

12.1. a communication disorder such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

12.1.1. Adaptive Instructions: Don't interrupt student when speaking. Minimize classroom noise/distractions and provide vocabulary list

12.1.2. Assistive Technology: Chat PC

13. Traumatic Brian Injury

13.1. n acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech.

13.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: Consistent routines. Allow student to easy back into school.

13.1.2. Case Study:

14. Visual Impairment, Including Blindness

14.1. an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.

14.1.1. Adaptive Instruction: Remove all auditory distractions as well as speak clearly and concisely.

14.1.2. Assistive Technology: Speak easy reading machine