The Scientific Method

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The Scientific Method by Mind Map: The Scientific Method

1. 1. Ask a Question.

1.1. The first step in the Scientific Method is " Ask a Question". Before a student asks a question, they must first pick a topic to study. There are copious amounts of science experiments on the internet, so students have to decide on one topic that interests them. Once they find a topic that interests them, they will ask a question. The question needs to be direct, concise and answerable.

2. 4. Conduct the Experiment.

2.1. The fourth step of the Scientific Method is "Conduct the Experiment". This is the most important step. The student must be able to  look at their science experiment guide and follow the procedures accurately. Most students misread the procedures and as a result mess up on the execution of the experiment. An adequate science experiment is not determined by how brilliant the student is but by how well the students pays attention to details. For example, if the experiment states "Add 1 teaspoon of salt" and the student adds 1 tablespoon of salt that can alter their results within the experiment. If a student wants to be a great scientist it first starts with being precise and detail oriented.

3. 5. Analyze the Results.

3.1. The fifth step of the Scientific Method is "Analyze  the Results".After the student has conducted the experiment, now it is time to look at the results. What were their findings? What caught their attention during the experiment? The student will use these questions as guide questions as they analyze their data. In this section, students should pay attention to what they learned about the topic that they did not know before.

4. 6. Draw a Conclusion.

4.1. The sixth step of the Scientific Method is "Draw a Conclusion".  Based on the results, the student will be able to conclude what information they learned within the experiment. In this section, the student answers the question that was posed during the beginning of the experiment. This is why in section one  I emphasized that the guided question had to be answerable. If the student could not answer the question by the end of the experiment, then that means the question was too broad or the procedures weren't adequately followed. Lastly, the student should state what they would do differently in the future with this experiment . In some of my fourth graders' conclusions, most of them realized the importance of rereading and paying attention to details. The entire scientific method is a reflection of the learning process. We want our students to ask questions, find the answer by problem solving and be able to reflect on their learning. The Scientific Method teaches our students how to become critical thinkers and find the answers.

5. 2. Write a Hypothesis.

5.1. The second step in the Scientific Method is "Write a Hypothesis". The students must look at the topic and determine what they want to discover throughout the course of the experiment.  Students will make a prediction on what they think will happen during the experiment. The Hypothesis should be written in the form of an "If....Then" statement. For example, If the plant is in a dark environment with no water, then it will not grow. The Hypothesis is a testable one sentence statement.

6. 3. List the Materials.

6.1. The third step in the Scientific Method is " List the Materials". After the student determines which experiment they will conduct, they must look at the materials they will need to successfully conduct their experiment. By looking at the materials, it will help students see what materials they already have and what materials they still need to buy. Once students have all of their materials, then they are ready to begin their experiment.

7. The Scientific Method is a list of steps that scientists use to study a specific topic. Throughout this process, scientists research, observe, experiment, collect data and draw conclusions about an area of study they are interested in. The Scientific Method is introduced in grades 4-6 and is a way to help students learn how to do research, study a topic, conduct an experiment, collect data and write conclusions. This process is very rewarding for students and is still used by scientists all over the world.