EARTH SCIENCE

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Rocket clouds
EARTH SCIENCE by Mind Map: EARTH SCIENCE

1. Role of Water

1.1. latent heat

1.1.1. heat is absorbed

1.1.1.1. melting

1.1.1.2. evaporation

1.1.1.3. sublimation

1.1.2. heat is released

1.1.2.1. freezing

1.1.2.2. condensation

1.1.2.3. deposition

1.2. humidity - amount of moisture in air

1.2.1. increases when

1.2.1.1. water is added

1.2.1.2. temperature decreases

2. ATMOSPHERE

2.1. Layers

2.1.1. Troposphere

2.1.1.1. weather-occuring layer

2.1.2. Stratosphere

2.1.2.1. where the ozone layer is

2.1.3. Mesosphere

2.1.3.1. where meteors burn up

2.1.4. Thermosphere

2.1.4.1. blocks most harmful radiation

2.1.5. Exosphere

2.1.5.1. molecules are very far apart

2.2. Weather Components

2.2.1. Temperature

2.2.1.1. low temperature

2.2.1.1.1. humidity increases

2.2.1.2. high temperature

2.2.1.2.1. more water evaporates

2.2.2. Air Pressure

2.2.2.1. Fronts

2.2.2.1.1. Cold Fronts

2.2.2.1.2. Warm Fronts

2.2.2.1.3. Occluded Fronts

2.2.2.1.4. Stationary Fronts

2.2.3. Wind

2.2.3.1. characterized by

2.2.3.1.1. speed

2.2.3.1.2. direction

2.2.3.2. cyclone and anti-cyclone

2.2.3.2.1. CYCLONE. Winds converge in low pressure systems creating a counter-clockwise airflow at the surface.

2.2.3.2.2. ANTI-CYCLONE. Winds diverge in high pressure systems creating a clockwise airflow at the surface.

2.2.4. Clouds

2.2.4.1. Cumulus

2.2.4.1.1. indicates sunny weather

2.2.4.2. Cirrus

2.2.4.2.1. high level and wispy shape

2.2.4.3. Stratus

2.2.4.3.1. sheet like, cover the whole sky

2.2.4.4. Nimbus

2.2.4.4.1. indicates rain cloud

3. EARTH IN SPACE

3.1. Origin of the Universe

3.1.1. Systems

3.1.1.1. Geocentric

3.1.1.2. Heliocentric

3.1.2. Basis

3.1.2.1. Luminosity

3.1.2.2. Doppler Effect

3.1.2.3. Size and Age of the Universe

3.1.3. Theories

3.1.3.1. Big Bang Theory

3.2. Stars and Planets

3.2.1. Terrestrial

3.2.2. Jovian

3.3. Solar System

3.3.1. solar wind, heliosphere

3.4. Earth, Sun, and Seasons

3.4.1. hours of daylight change with latitute and time of year

3.5. Composition of Earth

3.5.1. Crust, Mantle Core

4. PLATE TECTONICS

4.1. Continental Drift

4.2. Evidence from the Seafloor

4.2.1. Seafloor Topography

4.2.1.1. Contintental Shelf

4.2.1.2. Abyssal Plain

4.2.1.3. Oceanic Ridge

4.2.1.4. Oceanic Trench

4.2.2. Heat Flow, Volcanoes, Earthquakes

4.3. Layers

4.3.1. Lithosphere

4.3.2. Asthenosphere

4.4. Boundaries

4.4.1. Convergent

4.4.2. Divergent

4.4.3. Transform

5. VOLCANOES AND OTHER MOUNTAINS

5.1. Magma Viscosity

5.2. Products

5.2.1. Tephra

5.2.2. Volcanic Gases

5.2.3. Lahars

5.3. Types

5.3.1. Stratovolcano

5.3.2. Shield

5.3.3. Cinder cone

6. ROCKS AND MINERALS

6.1. Original ideas

6.1.1. Neptunism

6.1.2. Plutonism

6.2. Minerals

6.2.1. cleavage, crystal form, cleavage, hardness, color, luster, streak

6.3. Igneous

6.3.1. Volcanic, Plutonic

6.4. Sedimentary

6.4.1. clastic, chemical, biochemical

6.5. Metamorphic

6.5.1. contact, regional

7. WEATHERING AND EROSION

7.1. physical weathering

7.1.1. unloading

7.1.2. wedging

7.2. chemical weathering

7.2.1. dissolution

7.2.2. hydrolysis

7.2.3. oxidation

7.3. soil profile

7.3.1. organic debris, topsoil, subsurface layers, lowest layer