EARTH SCIENCE

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EARTH SCIENCE by Mind Map: EARTH SCIENCE

1. Soil

1.1. erosion

1.1.1. types

1.1.1.1. rockfall

1.1.1.2. rockslides

1.1.1.3. slump

1.1.1.4. debris flow

1.1.2. influenced by

1.1.2.1. gravity

1.1.2.2. water

1.1.2.3. slope

1.1.2.4. human

1.2. layers

1.2.1. surface litter

1.2.2. top soil

1.2.3. zone of leaching

1.2.4. subsoil

1.2.5. weathered parent material

1.2.6. bedrock

2. Weathering

2.1. Physical Weathering

2.1.1. unloading

2.1.2. wedging

2.2. Chemical Weathering

2.2.1. dissolution

2.2.2. hydrolisis

2.2.3. oxidation

2.3. Biochemical Weathering

2.3.1. macroscopic

2.3.2. microscopic

3. Weathering rates

3.1. affected by

3.1.1. rock properties

3.1.1.1. porosity

3.1.1.2. fracture

3.1.2. rock composition

3.1.2.1. mineral compostion

3.1.2.2. type of rocks

3.1.2.2.1. igneous

3.1.2.2.2. metamorphic

3.1.2.2.3. sedimentary

3.1.3. rock location/climate

3.1.3.1. frequency of rain

4. Weathering and soil

5. earth and space

5.1. heliocentric

5.1.1. copernicus

5.2. earth->sun->milky way->universe

5.3. luminosity:measure the size of universe

5.3.1. cepheid variable

5.4. doppler effect

5.4.1. red shift

5.4.2. blue shift

5.5. big bang theory

5.6. stars and planet

5.6.1. hydrogen, carbon, oxygen

5.6.2. gas and dust

5.6.3. vary in size, shape: giant stars burn out faster

5.7. solar system

5.7.1. sun: 99.8% of total mass

5.7.2. sunspot cycle: 11 years

6. plate tectonics

6.1. topography features

6.1.1. continental shelf

6.1.2. abyssal plain

6.1.3. oceanic ridge

6.1.4. oceanic trench

6.2. magnetic field

6.2.1. current in outer core

6.2.2. south to North(normal)

6.3. 8 major tectonic plates

6.3.1. africa

6.3.2. antarctic

6.3.3. pacific

6.3.4. eurasian

6.3.5. north america

6.3.6. australian

6.3.7. south america

6.3.8. indian

6.4. plate boundaries

6.4.1. divergent

6.4.2. convergent

6.4.2.1. oceanic-continental

6.4.2.2. oceanic-oceanic

6.4.2.3. continental-continental

6.4.3. transform

7. volcanoes

7.1. magma

7.1.1. basaltic

7.1.2. rhyolitic

7.1.3. andesitic

7.2. lava

7.3. viscosity

7.4. juan de fuca (ancient plate)

7.5. types

7.5.1. shield

7.5.2. strato volcano

7.5.3. cinder cone

7.6. volcanic landform

7.6.1. caldera

7.6.2. lava plateau

7.6.3. crater

7.6.4. geyser

7.6.5. hot spring

7.6.6. mud volcano

7.6.7. fumerole

7.7. mountains

7.7.1. convergent plate

7.7.2. isostasy

8. eathquakes

8.1. terms

8.1.1. fault

8.1.2. focus

8.1.3. epicenter

8.1.4. fault scarp

8.2. recurrence interval

8.3. seismic gap

8.4. seismic waves

8.4.1. surface waves

8.4.1.1. rayleigh wave

8.4.1.2. love wave

8.4.2. body waves

8.5. magnitude

8.6. intensity

9. rocks and minerals

9.1. formation(old ideas)

9.1.1. neptunism

9.1.2. plutonism

9.2. characteristics

9.2.1. crystal form

9.2.2. cleavage

9.2.3. hardness

9.2.4. color

9.2.5. luster

9.2.6. streak

9.3. types

9.3.1. igneous rocks

9.3.1.1. volcanic

9.3.1.2. plutonic

9.3.2. sedimentary rocks

9.3.2.1. clastic

9.3.2.1.1. generation

9.3.2.1.2. transportation

9.3.2.1.3. lithification

9.3.2.2. chemical

9.3.2.3. biochemical

9.3.3. metamorphic

9.3.3.1. contact metamorphism

9.3.3.2. regional metamorphism

10. atmosphere

10.1. composition

10.1.1. N-78%

10.1.2. O-21%

10.1.3. others-1%

10.2. heat capacity

10.3. layers

10.3.1. troposphere

10.3.2. stratosphere

10.3.3. mesosphere

10.3.4. thermosphere

10.4. ElectroMagnetic Radiation

10.4.1. scattered

10.4.2. reflected

10.4.3. absorbed

10.5. greenhouse effect

10.6. atmospheric pressure

11. geologic time

11.1. time scale

11.1.1. paleozoic

11.1.2. mesozoic

11.1.3. cenozoic

11.2. principle

11.2.1. superposition

11.2.2. cross-cutting relationship

11.2.3. inclusion

11.2.4. superposition

11.3. uniformitarianism

11.4. numerical time

11.4.1. isotopes

11.4.2. radioactive decay

11.4.2.1. half-life