My Foundations of Education

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My Foundations of Education by Mind Map: My Foundations of Education

1. Politics of Education

1.1. Liberal- I believe each and every student has an equal chance at a good education. I believe that education should be for all children.

1.1.1. Each student should have all equal chance at excelling at school. Students should have help if needed.

1.1.2. Education is now available for all students and there is a regulated public school system

1.1.3. Education needs to be available for all children no matter what.

1.2. Progressivism-  I believe that students should be very active in the classroom. They should enjoy school and be excited to learn. They should go out into their community and leave an impression. School is a part of life.

1.2.1. Children should be actively engaged in the classroom. They should feel like learning is fun.

1.2.2. Community should be a place where the students can learn as well. They can learn many things inside and outside of the classroom.

1.2.3. The students should understand that school is a part of life to them. It is needed to go through life and help understand things.

1.2.4. Students should experience the world as they learn.

2. History of U.S. Education

2.1. Reform

2.1.1. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2002. This act allowed children to always pass their class. This Act was to help close the gaps between students and allow all students to keep moving forward in school. This act made all schools that are receiving federal funding give out standardized tests to all students to keep their funding. To keep their funding, the current years students had to reach a higher goal than the previously tested children. The act requires all schools to employ "highly qualified" teachers, the state gets to set what "highly qualified" is.

2.1.2. Conflict- Certain groups form a social change and interact with each other

2.2. Interpretation

2.2.1. Democratic-Liberal School

2.2.2. Everyone was entitled to an education

3. Sociology Perspectives

3.1. Schooling Effects on Individuals

3.1.1. Making higher grades in school leads to making a higher income in the future, also getting a higher paying job with a higher degree

3.1.2. Raises students self esteem and confidence

3.1.3. Learn how to interact with others and other cultures

3.1.4. Positive reinforcement for students will cause the students to do well on assignments

3.1.5. Student groups

3.2. Three Theories

3.2.1. Interactionalism- Focuses on behaviors of students and how they act on situations

3.2.2. Functional- Focus on positive interactions by the education system and how effective it is

4. Philosophy of Education

4.1. Pragmatism

4.1.1. Generic Notions Schools would create a better society and help improve the general knowledge of the growing generation An educated generation is a better generation A better society is educated Actively engaged students in school Each child has their own needs for education

4.1.2. Researchers Francis Bacon 1561-1626 John Locke 1632-1704 John Dewy 1859-1952 Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1712-1778

4.1.3. Goals of Education Ideas to come alive Use experiments in schools

4.1.4. Curriculum Students interests and needs taken into consideration The arts are introduced in schools

4.1.5. Role of Teacher Teachers help all students Offers suggestions Writes curriculum

4.1.6. Method of Instruction Children ask questions Students could use group work Students could work independently Field trips for students are used to help educate

5. Schools as Organizations

5.1. State senator Richard Shelby and Jefferson Sessions. Representatives: Gary Palmer, Mo Brooks, Terri Sewell Bradley Byrne, Martha Roby, Robert Aderholt, Michela Rodgers. State superintendent: Micheal Sentance. Represenative on stateboard: Angela Guess. Board: Chad Gorham, Charles West.

5.2. Change in schools

5.2.1. Culture can change within schools. Many schools can have a range of different students now. ELL teachers are in demand in the south as many ELL students are now in our schools.Many processes have to be done in order to accommendate the newer students.

5.2.2. Schools have also changed because technology has become such a big part of today's schools. Students now do lessons with more technology so they are ready for the workforce when they get out to the real world.

6. Curriculum and Pedagogy

6.1. Humanists- I believe that as teachers we need to be self aware and use good behaviour in the classroom. I also believe that we need to care about the students because the love we show them will last their entire lives.

6.1.1. Humanists want to share compassion towards the students and show them that someone cares about them and cares about their education

6.2. Two Dominant Traits of Teaching

6.2.1. Teacher centered learning is where students always focus on the teacher and students are also encouraged to memorize the material. Teacher centered learning allows the students to focus on the teacher as they instruct on all the lessons. The teacher explains the material and the students learn through auditory and visual learning.

6.2.2. Student centered learning is where students get to talk with and work with each other. Students can go in groups with each other and help each other on their work while the teacher is also teaching the class. The teacher and students both share the focus in student centered learning.

7. Equality of Opportunity

7.1. Race, Class, Gender

7.1.1. Race can have large impact on students in the classroom. Many teachers could look at students differently and not teach a certain way to certain students. As teachers, we will need to teach the same and equal way to all teachers.

7.1.2. Gender can also have a impact on students in the classroom. Males and females have different experiences in the classroom. Outcomes of their education can be effected becausue of the way they were instructed in the classroom based on their gender. Both genders should be taught the same way and equally.

7.1.3. There are many social classes that are in schools and each class should be treated the same way and should have equal teaching. Different classes should not be taught differently and if they are, they can have bad outcomes in the future of their educations.

7.2. Coleman Study

7.2.1. Coleman stated that standardized tests are not testing how smart the students are rather they are testing to see how much information is retained within the students. The tests do not test character or attitudes but just what is implemented in the material of the school year.

7.2.2. Coleman found that class back ground have a great deal in determining how well students did in schools. Certain teachers have a great deal of impact on how well students do. Teachers may also have bias against students of a certain social background and that can have an impact on how well the students do in the classroom.

8. Educational Inequality

8.1. Cultural Depravation Theory

8.1.1. Cultural Deprivation is when the working class is unable to climb the bar to further their education. The generations to follow have the same result, they can not go up in social class and stay as low class. They are not able to reach a way to go up in class and will not be able to further their education.

8.1.2. Cultural Deprivation is also the skills, values, and attitudes that are needed but aren't there and are not instilled in you as a child. The working class parents were not able to instill all that was needed to the children and we see that that effects the child's education greatly.

8.2. Educational Inequality

8.2.1. Economic disadvantaged children usually attend poor school systems and are unable to have the resources they need to thrive.

8.2.2. School financing is a problem and does not allow the children the education they need. The schools that have low funds can not provide as good a education as well as a better funded school could.

8.2.3. Schools could be biased when teaching certain kinds of students. All students should be given the same and equal education regardless of race or gender.

8.2.4. Different social classes can cause inequality in schools. Children from a lower class may be looked down on from many while a child from a higher social class will be looked up to. Social class should not have anything to do with the education you receive.

9. Educational Reform

9.1. Reforms of Education

9.1.1. Programs that are based on new ideas that test a singles student"s learning, and teach extensively on subjects have been proved by the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) to be more effective than a large group instruction.

9.2. Political Reforms

9.2.1. ESSA of 2015 allows for equal chances for all children in all aspect of school. This act also is focused on preparing the students of r college and their careers.

9.2.2. No Child Left Behind Act was put in place by President George Bush and tests all students in grades 3-8 and once in high school. These tests are standardized tests which every student must take to see how much they have learned but not how well they can learn.

9.2.3. IASA of 1994 helped states and communities establish a framework for comprehensive and standards-based education