My Foundations of Education

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My Foundations of Education by Mind Map: My Foundations of Education

1. Politics of Education

1.1. 1. Purpose of Education

1.1.1. a. Intellectual- to teach cognitive skills, transmit specific knowledge, and to develop higher order thinking

1.1.2. b. Political- to assimilate youth into the current political order. To unite groups into common ideals. To teach basic laws

1.1.3. c. Social- To socialize children into varies roles and to the beliefs of society and create social cohesion.

1.1.4. d. Economic- To prepare students for future occupation; training and allocating into divisions of labor

1.2. 2. Radical Perspective

1.2.1. a. Role of the School- Radicals believe schools should provide ability for upward growth.

1.2.2. b. Explanation of Unequal Performance- believe students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are at a disadvantage. They believe change will happen with changes in political-economic structure.

1.2.3. c. Definition of Educational Problems- education systems have failed minorities, women, and the lower class. Education systems promote conformity and inequality.

2. History of U.S. Education

2.1. 1. Reform Movement

2.1.1. a. Lead by Horace Mann of Massachusetts

2.1.2. b. Addressed the problem of illiteracy still existing in the U.S.

2.1.3. c. Created teacher training schools

2.1.4. d. This reform movement included all social classes as well ass immigrant groups

2.1.5. e. It taught social as well as academic skills for developing good citizenship

2.2. 2. Democratic-Liberal School

2.2.1. a. Believes in a progressive school system

2.2.2. b. They believed that in the history of U.S. education, reformers worked to give educational opportunities to larger and larger groups of people

2.2.3. c. Believed "social goals" outweigh academic goals

3. Sociological Perspectives

3.1. 1. Theoretical Perspective

3.1.1. a. Functionalism-society is a machine, one person or part depends on the next to make society work. They believe instilling morals is the goal of society. They believe the role of the school is to teach the values that hold society together.

3.1.2. b. Conflict-believe that society is based on conflict. Dominant groups rule the groups beneath them. It is not based on shared values, but power. They believe that students and teachers are tricked into believing that schools are fair and students have equal opportunities when in reality the powerful are controlling the schools.

3.1.3. c. Interactional-This group believes the other two theories are to general. They believe the up-close, day-to-day interactions in the schools are what need to be analyzed-student to student; teacher to teacher.

3.2. 2. Effects of Schooling

3.2.1. a. Knowledge & Attitudes-Knowledge obtained in school can change the attitudes of the person. Research shows that the more education you have the more you participate in society.

3.2.2. b. Employment- people with higher education are offered more employment opportunities. Performance on the job does not correspond to educational level.

3.2.3. c. Student Peer Groups & Alienation-Society is reflected in the student culture of a school. Peers have a great influence on the beliefs and attitudes of students.

3.2.4. d. Inadequate Schools- Students attending schools in poor or underdeveloped neighborhoods sometimes do not get an adequate education

3.2.5. c. DeFacto Segregation-Inadequate schools still exist in low-income communities. These students historically do not achieve as well as students from other types of neighborhoods.

4. Philosophy of Education

4.1. 1.Existentialism

4.1.1. a. Generic Notions-believe individuals must make their own path through the chaos. They believe people learn and grow as they make choices that change themselves and the world

4.1.2. b. Key Researchers-Can be traced to 19th century European philosopher Soren Kierkegaard. Recent philosophers; Martin Buber; Karl Jaspers; Jean Paul Sarte; and Maxine Greene.

4.1.3. c. Goal of Education-They see education as a way to develop the individual and introduce them to different aspects of life.

4.1.4. d. Role of Teacher- A teacher's role is to help the individual learn and use their choices to become the best version of themselves.

4.1.5. e. Method of Instruction-The method of instruction is uniquely persona;. Thus the role of the teacher is to help students understand the world through posing questions and working together.

4.1.6. f. Curriculum- Humanities based curriculum- literature, art, drama, music. They encourage personal interactions with society.

5. Schools of Organizations

5.1. 1.Major Stakholders

5.1.1. State Senator-Steve Livingston

5.1.2. House Member-Mac McCutcheon

5.1.3. State Superintendent-Michael Sentance

5.1.4. Representative on school board-Jeffrey Newman

5.1.5. Superintendent-Taylor Hughes

5.1.6. School Board-Jeff Williams

5.2. 2.Elements of change

5.2.1. a. Conflict-conflict allows hidden issues to emerge and be discussed

5.2.2. b. Behavior-new behaviors must be learned to build trust and communicate with one another.

5.2.3. c. Team-team building must occur across the whole school and decisions must be made as a group together.

5.2.4. d. Process and Content- how projects are ran and how the team works together on the project are important.

6. Curriculum and Pedagogy

6.1. 1. Developmental Curriculum

6.1.1. a. focuses on the needs and interests of the students

6.1.2. b. student centered

6.1.3. c. curriculum is related to the needs of the students

6.1.4. d. focuses on the development of each child's independent capacities

6.1.5. e. Many rooted in private and Independent schools

6.2. 2. Traditions of teaching

6.2.1. 1. Mimetic

6.2.1.1. a. Educator is the transmitter of knowledge

6.2.1.2. b. Relies on lecture and powerpoint to transmit knowledge

6.2.1.3. c. based on relationship of knower and learner

6.2.1.4. d. Measurable goals and objectives is used to measure progress

6.2.2. 2. Transformative

6.2.2.1. a. focus on changing the student in a meaningful way

6.2.2.2. b. reject authoritarian style of classroom

6.2.2.3. c. relies on questioning and discussion for student learning

7. Equality of Oppurtunity

7.1. 1. Educational outcomes

7.1.1. a. Higher class families have access and are offered higher education

7.1.2. b. Minorities score lower and achieve less educational rewards. Also, they are not offered the same standard of education

7.1.3. c. Females are better students and are less likely to drop-out than male students. Females are still discriminated against occupationally and socially.

7.2. 2. Responses to Coleman Study

7.2.1. 1. "Where an individual goes to school has little effect on his or her cognitive growth."

7.2.2. 2. "Where an individual goes to school is often related to his/her race and socioeconomic background."

8. Educational Inequality

8.1. 1. Cultural Deviation

8.1.1. a. Suggests low-class families lack books and resources and are at a disadvantage.

8.1.2. b. Deprivation results in educationally disadvantaged students who achieve poorly because they have not been raised to acquire skills and dispositions required for satisfactory academic achievement.

8.2. 2. Educational inequality

8.2.1. a. school financing-affluent areas receive more funding. State governments are required for decreasing inequalities

8.2.2. c. School climates-schools contribute to the educational outcome of students. Schools with a positive learning atmosphere can affect change in education outcomes.

8.2.3. d. Curriculum tracking- tracking can have a significant affect on educational attainment. It is debated if tracking is fair and affects of different tracks for students can be detrimental.

9. Educational Reform

9.1. 1. Reforms

9.1.1. a. privatization-education is a multi-billion dollar industry and failing schools and lucrative areas are being taken over controlled by private companies to be reformed. There has been mixed results.

9.1.2. b. School-business partnership- business interest in education to help revitalize the economy. Have attracted major media attention, but little evidence of reform.

9.2. 2. Reforms

9.2.1. a. Harlem Children's Zone

9.2.1.1. a. Have academic conversations with children

9.2.1.2. b. Read to children and encourage reading in older children

9.2.1.3. c. Change communities by inspiring and educating the community. Manly at risk communities.

9.2.2. b. State Interventions

9.2.2.1. a. based on rewards and sanctions

9.2.2.2. b. Districts are turned over to state control where local systems fail.

9.2.2.3. c. Student gains have fallen short of expectations