Vernacular Architecture of Asia

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Vernacular Architecture of Asia by Mind Map: Vernacular Architecture of Asia

1. PARTICULAR Time,Location&People

1.1. Profession&Amateur

2. local/regional dialect

2.1. not homogeneous

2.2. identity of occupants

2.3. high level

2.3.1. sacred, cosmologies, world-views and philosophies

2.4. middle level

2.4.1. communicating identity, status, wealth and power the 'latent' aspects of settings and behaviour

2.5. low level

2.5.1. everyday and instrumental meanings

2.6. commonality

3. traditional&natural way

3.1. Song Dynasty (1128–1279)

3.2. Japanese machiya

3.3. courtyard house (siheyuan)

4. 1.  waht is VS? continuing process

4.1. changes&adaptation

4.2. response social&environmental constraints

4.3. sharing

4.3.1. authenticity is kept&stretched out

4.4. transmitted informally by traditional expertise in design & construction

4.5. effective application in traditional construction systems and crafts

4.6. space-time continuum

5. city is a place for the vernacular

5.1. urbanization-transformations

5.2. history emphasizes city's political and cultural role

5.3. 18th century, Europe_industralization

5.3.1. increase in trade

5.4. colonialism make city to grow?!

5.4.1. urbanization/sub-urbanization

5.5. from village to city

5.5.1. cities were designed and built according to the laws and rules of finance

5.6. continuous and adaption, response social and environmental constraints

5.7. transportation

5.8. materials

5.8.1. it is indigenous to the locality

6. cultural milieu

6.1. hierarchy that reflects the religious,social and economic order

6.2. cosmic centers?!

6.3. cultural diversity

6.4. tangible or intangible, we know it through the material world

6.5. at different meaning from high level, middle level to low level

6.6. how we experience the others' experience, it is a transition

6.7. how it can be expressed in  different ways

6.8. inherited?! keep it or revolve, passing down the tradition, adapting and keep on changing to adapt the existing living context  by great labor.

7. typology = category

7.1. urban vernacular=evolove

7.1.1. culture economy human economy

7.1.2. materials of buildings

7.1.3. business scale

7.1.4. complexity of production

7.1.5. built at a particular place and time

7.1.6. ordinary built form

8. relationship

8.1. neighborhood

8.2. street

8.3. people

8.3.1. people's behavior and custom

8.4. activities

8.5. relationship-"KAN"-man-built-nature

8.5.1. spiritual and cultural value

8.6. fengshui

9. 8.formal/informal settlement & VA

9.1. informa=marginal buildings

9.1.1. natural process of migration to cities

9.1.2. outskirts of cities

9.1.3. hillside

9.1.4. no infrastructure

9.1.5. informal business/shadow economy

9.1.6. ownership

9.1.7. shadow developer

9.2. formal

9.2.1. a process of indvidual development

10. 9.conservation & built V. heritage

10.1. brings activities

10.2. conserve significance and values

10.3. respect=care continuing development of a place

10.4. not just a historical relic

10.5. carry out by multidisciplinary expertise

10.6. not only tangible but also intangible associations which attach to them

10.7. It is not an one-off effort, but one that is continuous.

11. preservation

11.1. frozen in time

11.2. preserve historical values

11.3. Nepal: caste system and feudal society society

12. value

12.1. social value

12.1.1. community value

12.2. architectural merits

12.3. aesthetic value

12.4. historical value

12.5. universal value

12.6. Vernacular architecture heritage is important because it epitomizes the world's cultural diversity.

12.7. environment reponsive

12.8. represents people

13. VS indigenous

13.1. materials

13.1.1. indigenous=local

13.1.2. can be imported

13.2. function&cultural diversity

14. homogenisation

14.1. professional vs armature folk practice

15. hybridity vs pure

15.1. urban diversity

15.2. embodies human and economic relationships

15.3. not represented by a single type

15.4. intermingled

16. 2. P-C-VA: Level of vernacular architecture meaning

16.1. low level-everyday and instrumental meanings

16.2. middle level-to communicate the community's or the resident's identity,status,wealth and power

16.3. high level-sacred,cosmologies,world view,philosophies of thhe community,the clan or the family

16.3.1. Vassau Shatra in Sanskirit, hindu traditions

16.4. It is very difficult to distinguish the vernacular into low, middle or high level. But we can understand the vernacular architecture from its formation under the affecting of physical and mental. A hut can be a home for poor people, it also can be the sacred place for the literati.

16.4.1. add on meanings by users themselives

16.4.2. time as value human touch/cross relationship

16.4.3. read the intention for the meanings

17. 3.VA & Climate response

17.1. needs of shelter

17.1.1. house types

17.2. building materials

17.3. living context

17.4. human activity

17.5. geographic mapping

17.6. generic design under the general lcal environmental condition

17.7. olgyaa1963

17.8. vernacular response

18. 4.materials

18.1. cultural

18.1.1. regionalism vs globalization human scale

18.2. spiritual

18.2.1. ritual associate with preparing

18.3. natural or manufactured

18.3.1. ram earth, mud, wood

19. 5.Vernacular landscape

19.1. public

19.2. private

19.3. rural

19.4. urban

19.5. sense of place/genius loci

19.5.1. sensual and intellectual quality

19.6. man made landscape

19.6.1. cultural landscape

19.6.2. meaning of existence

19.7. natural landscape

19.8. cultural landscape or middle landscape

19.8.1. natural elements are transformed by human processes or actions into gardens etc by professions

19.8.2. The vast majority of cultural landscapes, however, have developed without the direct involvement of a professional designer, planner, or engineer.

19.9. 1_historic site

19.10. 2_Historic Designed Landscape

19.11. 3_Historic Vernacular Landscape

19.12. 4_Ethnographic Landscape

19.12.1. fengshui-Yin/Yang - place-to control vital life forces

20. 10.sustainability

20.1. building decision

20.1.1. conscious or un self conscious

20.2. identity

20.2.1. personal

20.2.2. regional

20.2.3. national

20.3. village=microcosm of society

20.4. 1.physically sustainable

20.5. 2.culturally sustainable

21. 6. Rural vernacular:setting & settlement

21.1. setting is integral part of culture and surrounding

21.2. informal settlements

21.2.1. materials

21.2.2. patterns

21.2.3. piecemeal fashion

21.2.4. complex culture of material supply and expertise

22. function vs level of meaning, function is vague, but level of meaning is important

23. hk linguistic landscape

23.1. non-place

24. 7.urban vernacular

24.1. colonialism

24.1.1. political

24.1.2. economy

24.1.3. culture

24.1.4. building type

24.1.5. time/continuous process

24.1.6. clans

24.2. places where there are a concentration of people, population, higher density, no sporadic

24.3. people you know and dont know vs people you know in village

24.4. diaspora

24.5. informal settlement

24.5.1. temporary materials

25. history

26. refurbishments

26.1. One, the refurbishment must not affect the cultural values of the structure. According to Australian Burra Charter, it says, ”Change may be necessary to retain the cultural significance, but it is undesirable where it reduces cultural significance. The amount of change to a place should be guided by the cultural significance of the place and its appropriate interpretation."

26.2. Two, whatever new materials are added, or modifications are made, they are reversible, meaning that the original fabric is not removed.