Road To Revolution

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Road To Revolution by Mind Map: Road To Revolution

1. 1. French & Indian War 1754-1763 The colonists called it the French and Indian War, and it permanently shifted the global balance of power. By the mid-18th century, both the British and Frenchwanted to extend their North American colonies into the land west of the Appalachian Mountains, known then as the Ohio Territory.

2. 2. Proclamation of 1763 British leaders feared that more fighting would take place on the frontier if colonists kept moving onto American Indian lands. Effect: This law banned British settlement west of the Appalachian Mountians. It also ordered settlers to leave the upper Ohio River Valley.

3. DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

4. 5. Townshend Acts 1767 The cause of the Townshend Acts, a series of measures imposed upon the American colonists, was the British desire to raise revenue, punish the colonists and assert the authority of the British Parliament.

5. 8. Boston Tea Party 1773 Taxes were raised on tea so colonists threw tea in the the boston harbor. Effect was the intolerable acts.......

6. 6. Sugar Act 1764 The effect of the Sugar Act on the colonists was the economic impact as well as the constitutional issue of taxation without representation. The Sugar Act is also known as the American Revenue Act or the American Duties Act.Daughters of Liberty 1769

7. 4. Quartering Act 1765 is a name given to a minimum of two Acts of British Parliament in the local governments of the American colonies to provide the British soldiers with any needed accommodations or housing. It also required colonists to provide food for any British soldiers in the area.

8. 11. First Continental Congress 1774 Rather than precipitate rebellion by calling for independence, the First Continental Congress, in its Declaration and Resolves, passed and signed the ContinentalAssociation, which called for a boycott of British goods to take effect in December 1774.

9. 9. Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts) 1774 The Coercive Acts were despised by the people of Massachusetts, who referred to the laws as the Intolerable Acts. In order to punish the colonists of Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party, King George III had a series of laws passed in 1774 called the Coercive Acts.

10. 3. Stamp Act 1765 an act of the British Parliament in 1756 that exacted revenue from the American colonies by imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal and commercial documents. Colonial opposition led to the act's repeal in 1766 and helped encourage the revolutionary movement against the British Crown.

11. 7. Sons of Liberty 1766 The seminal act and lasting legacy of the Sons of Liberty to the history of the American Revolution was the December 16, 1773 orchestrating of the Boston Tea Party which ultimately led to the outbreak of the Revolutionary War with the “shot heard round the world” on April 19, 1775. The Boston Tea Party, carried out by the Sons of Liberty and led by Samuel Adams, was a catalyst for the start of war and a principal reason why the Revolutionary War began in Massachusetts. -

11.1. 10. Boston Massacre 1770 British regulars arrived in Boston, MA to maintain order. The civilians would taunt them by, name calling and spitting. Tension grew between the two sides for the next 18 months. March 5, 1770 the 29th Regiment came to replace the eighth on duty. The soldiers led by Captain Preston, were met by a taunting crowed of civilians. While unable to clear the crowd he ordered his men to not fire. But because of all the commotion the soldiers did not hear him, and opened fired on the crowd, killing three instantly. Two more would die later.

12. 12. Second Continental Congress 1775 It succeeded the First Continental Congress, which met between September 5, 1774 and October 26, 1774, also in Philadelphia. The second Congress managed the colonial war effort, and moved incrementally towards independence, adopting the United States Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.