Vernacular Architecture

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Vernacular Architecture by Mind Map: Vernacular Architecture

1. Week 1: Defining Vernacular architecture

1.1. Definition: Continuous adaptation as a response to social and environmental constraints

1.2. Does not have to be an old building

1.2.1. as long as it is local & Home grown

1.2.1.1. Community

1.3. Does our source of identity come from these buildings?

1.3.1. Can high-rise be vernacular to reflect the current situation?

1.4. Highly controlled = NOT vernacular?

1.4.1. Spontaneous

2. Week 2: Culture, people and vernacular

2.1. Three levels of meaning

2.1.1. Low level - pragmatic, social situations

2.1.1.1. everyday things, function

2.1.2. Mid level -communicating status, wealth, power

2.1.2.1. ornament or decorations

2.1.3. scared, cosmo, worldview, philosophy of community

2.1.3.1. relationship between position of space and heaven and nature

2.2. Culture

2.2.1. define as: chains of ways of living

2.2.2. people evolution of values

2.2.3. anything human touches is culture

2.2.4. meaningful

2.2.5. needs a platform, stage, container, to express

2.2.6. Culture needs more than one person sharing the ideal

2.2.6.1. will it eventually turn into homogenization?

2.2.7. obtained by great labour

3. Week 3: Climate

3.1. 8 major climate types in asia

3.1.1. each climate has some kind of different vernacular, dealing with materials or form of building

3.1.1.1. lime helps to absorb moisture

3.1.1.2. raised platform for environmental advantages

3.1.1.3. courtyard houses to collection rain water and ventilate space

3.1.1.4. have artist expression from unique needs

4. Week 4: Materials and construction

4.1. vernacular materials are often natural materials

4.1.1. does't diminish cultural value of traditional built form

4.1.2. Mud wall for example; mixing lime, brown sugar solution, glutinous rice paste, straw, sand, stone

4.1.3. natural expression of people

4.2. Dimensioning

4.2.1. feng shui?

4.2.2. Human scale?

4.2.3. Cultural aspect

4.2.4. can be felt instead of having measurments

5. Week 5: Vernacular landscape

5.1. Cultural landscape

5.1.1. made by human

5.1.1.1. Family garden

5.1.1.2. fish pond

5.1.2. when human affect the land

5.2. unintentionally evolve

5.2.1. creating layers

5.2.2. ordinary

5.3. Sense of place

5.3.1. in the memory

5.3.1.1. old ways of living

5.3.2. keep tradioational environement

5.3.3. how city grows can be felt

5.3.4. self-expression

5.3.5. feeling of proud

5.3.6. varying from people to people

5.3.6.1. emotional

5.4. evolution vs revolution

5.4.1. hardware stays -> software changes

6. Week 6: Rural Vernacular

6.1. rural the countryside, less development

6.2. consist of the most isolation single houses

6.3. cluster of house

6.4. connection with spiritual and cosmic realm

6.5. not necessarily unconcious

6.6. Design is an act of faith

6.6.1. process + product

6.6.2. always at the state of becoming

6.7. CHANGE IS INEVITABLE

6.7.1. significant of the place must not be diminished or destroyed

7. Week 7: Urban Vernacular

7.1. cultural layering

7.1.1. common feature

7.1.2. too much layering will diminish the quality of indigenous?

7.1.2.1. reflect ideas of the outside, not from inwards

7.1.3. opportunities to express different values

7.1.4. for vernacular types can be hold?

7.2. Typologies

7.3. city as cultural generator

7.3.1. vernacular design by spontaneous

7.3.1.1. part of process

7.3.2. urban design by decisions

7.3.2.1. not always remain that state of spontaneity

7.4. Do we live in a place where we can decide what we want?

7.4.1. choices depends on money

7.4.2. does't depend of culture/ethic background

7.5. big city dominated by big enterprise

7.6. City is physical

7.6.1. can grow old

7.6.2. grow sick

7.6.3. take care of city

7.6.4. can die

8. Week 8: Informal settlements

8.1. slums

8.1.1. go into city for economic reaqsons

8.1.2. on land not on their own

8.1.3. not yet developed

8.1.4. usually at the cities boundaries

8.2. usually have common pattern and materials

8.3. build in peacmeal fashion

8.4. drain in economy

8.4.1. although has shadow economy

8.5. Best of vanacular

8.5.1. how people organised themselves

8.5.2. lots of flexibility as buildings

8.5.3. can combine

8.6. double edge sword

8.7. framework allow people enter urban economy

8.7.1. take responsibility on themselves

9. Week 9: Conservation vs Preservation

9.1. conservation

9.1.1. not one off effort

9.1.2. continuous

9.1.3. cultural significant

9.1.3.1. must not affect or reduce it

9.2. preservation

9.2.1. negative process

9.2.2. frozen in time

9.3. being old doesn't mean it is valuable

9.3.1. what kinds of value

9.3.1.1. architecture

9.3.1.2. aesthetic

9.3.1.3. historical

9.3.1.4. social

9.3.1.4.1. which can trigger memory the most

9.4. how to make a common valuve

9.4.1. sense of place

9.5. Can culture value be quantify?

9.5.1. tangible or intangible?

9.5.2. does it decrease in time

10. Future of Asia's Vernacular

10.1. without modern context

10.1.1. we don't notice the tradition

10.1.1.1. living tradtion - mid autumn

10.1.2. identity

10.2. should not diminish the culture of the building

10.2.1. cultural suistainable

10.3. the spirit of place

10.4. memories are important to keep

10.4.1. will lose something from history

10.5. Globalization is a threat