Types of Government

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Types of Government by Mind Map: Types of Government

1. Democracy

1.1. Characteristics

1.1.1. Government by the people. It’s a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.

1.1.2. -Government in which power and civic responsibility are exercised by all adult citizens through a representative.

1.1.3. -Conduct regular free and fair elections open to citizens of voting age.

1.1.4. -It rests upon the principles of majority rule and individual rights.

1.1.5. -Citizens have the right to vote on governmental decisions; choosing a president, political party, etc.

1.1.6. -Citizens have the responsibility to participate in the political system to protect their rights and freedoms.

1.2. Types of Democracy

1.2.1. Presidential: Where the executive branch exists separately from a legislature

1.2.2. Direct: all power is in the hands of the individual. Political decisions that are made with all members of a polity that gather together and vote as individuals. One example of country currently having this system would be none other than the United States of America.

1.2.3. Representative: Founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.

1.2.4. Parliamentary: This is an arrangement that creates an intermediary between the individual and the policy outputs of the state. With this process, one person or a group that is assigned to make the decision, can vote and make a change for behalf of the group and citizens.

1.3. Examples of Democracies

1.3.1. Most of the countries nowadays are constituted of a democracy type of government with the some examples being; Germany, Mexico, France, Italy, Spain and USA.

1.3.2. Direct: One example of a country currently having this system would be Switzerland.

1.3.3. Representative: One example of a country currently having this system would be none other than the United States of America.

1.3.4. Presidential: One example of this is Peru or Ivory Coast.

1.3.5. Parliamentary: Jamaica, Zimbawe or the Bahamas

1.4. Bibliography

1.4.1. POLSC221: Introduction to Comparative Politics -. (n.d.). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://www.saylor.org/courses/polsc221/#4.1.5

1.4.2. Representative democracy. (n.d.). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representative_democracy

1.4.3. Presidential Democracy Countries. (n.d.). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://www.governmentvs.com/en/presidential-democracy-countries/model-92-4

1.4.4. IIP Digital | U.S. Department of State. (2008). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/publication/2008/06/20080623194736eaifas0.658703.html#axzz4KFpDS7rv

2. Dictatorship

2.1. Characteristics

2.1.1. War glorification: War is considered to be essential for the normal health of body-politic

2.1.2. Absolute rule of one person or a very small group of people

2.1.3. The ruler comes to power by force or manipulation

2.1.4. Government backed by military power

2.1.5. The rule is arbitrary, and usually irresponsible

2.1.6. Strong and aggressive nationalism

2.1.7. Opposed to democracy

2.1.8. Absence of individual liberty: people dont have liberty nor individual rights

2.2. Types of Dictatorships

2.2.1. Autocracy: one person has the absolute and unlimited power. the person empowered is called an autocrat, this person gives himself or herself the right to make the final decisions of the government

2.2.2. Authoritarian oligarchy: it is also refereed to as "collective dictatorship", it is conformed by a really small group of few people that work together the same way as an autocrat.

2.2.3. Absolute democracy: it is democratic without being constitutional. it is characterized by the unlimited rule of the majority. decisions are not taken based on a constitution, but using the popular vote of citizens.

2.2.4. Military dictatorship: military leaders control and have all the governmental power

2.3. Examples of Dictatorships

2.3.1. Venezuela

2.3.2. Cuba

2.3.3. Iran

2.3.4. Nicaragua

2.3.5. North Korea

2.4. Bibliography

2.4.1. (n.d.). List of dictators. Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://www.conservapedia.com/List_of_dictators

2.4.2. A. (n.d.). 6 most important features of Dictatorship. Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://www.preservearticles.com/201106248569/6-most-important-features-of-dictatorship.html

2.4.3. What are brief descriptions of the three types of dictatorship? (n.d.). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from https://www.reference.com/government-politics/brief-descriptions-three-types-dictatorship-a4f91a6aec1d8b0

2.4.4. What is a military dictatorship? (n.d.). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from https://www.reference.com/government-politics/military-dictatorship-65361640a260c705

2.4.5. Kumar, A. (n.d.). 14 Essential Features of Dictatorship – Explained! Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://www.publishyourarticles.net/knowledge-hub/articles/14-essential-features-of-dictatorship-explained/5952/

3. Republic

3.1. Types of Republic

3.1.1. Federal republic - The power from the central government is very restricted and in which the component parts (states, colonies, or provinces) retain a degree of self-government The main power is on the voter whom are those who choose the government representatives. Islamic republic - Muslim states; although in theory they are a theocracy, it remains a republic. Yet the laws are required to follow islam and be compatible with it. Democratic republic - A state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote for officers and representatives responsible to them. Socialist Republic - A society where everything is belongs to everyone (In an equal way). Unitary  Republic- This type of republic is made up of divisions, (sometimes) but are mostly governed by one unit with one legislature.             Conferderal Republic- "a country within a country"

3.2. Examples of Republics

3.2.1. 1-Angola (Unitary) 2-Bolivia (Unitary) 3- Malawi (Democratic) 5-Chile (Democratic) 6-Ethiopia (Federal) 7-Vietnam (Socialist) 8-Albania (Unitary) 9-Iran (Islamic) 10-Nigeria (Federal)

3.3. Characteristics

3.3.1. Fairness:  Laws made by the representatives would be fair. If the representatives didn´t perform fair laws, they were replaced by others who perform fair laws. Common welfare:  The laws will perform a general benefit instead of a specific benefit; Laws will benefit everyone. Freedom and prosperity: People would have freedom and will have better lifes.                                                         The common Welfare is when the government decides to help everyone in its country,  make a general benefit.

3.4. Bibliography

3.4.1. APA CITATION: Characteristics of Republic. (n.d.). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://www.governmentvs.com/en/characteristics-of-republic/model-20-3 Evidence, B. (2012). Republic? Democracy? What’s the Difference? Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://capitalismmagazine.com/2003/01/republic-democracy-whats-the-difference/ What Are the Different Types of Governments? (n.d.). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://www.livescience.com/33027-what-are-the-different-types-of-governments.html http://www.chinhphu.vn/portal/page/portal/English/TheSocialistRepublicOfVietnam List of republics. (n.d.). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_republics Administrator. "Lesson 3: What Is a Republican Government?" Lesson 3: What Is a Republican Government? N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2016. <http://www.civiced.org/resources/curriculum/lesson-plans/450-lesson3-what-is-a-republican-government>. A. (n.d.). Lesson 3: What Is a Republican Government? Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://www.civiced.org/resources/curriculum/lesson-plans/450-lesson3-what-is-a-republican-government YourDictionary, B. (2016). Examples of a Republic. Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-a-republic.html Compare Democratic Republic Governments. (n.d.). Retrieved September 14, 2016, from http://world-leaders.findthedata.com/d/b/Democratic-Republic

4. Monarchy

4.1. Characteristic

4.1.1. Monarchy is a historical form of government that places most or all of the ruling power in the hands of a single individual. Monarchies such as those in medieval Europe operated on the principle of divine right, which posits that kings and queens derive their right to rule from a deity.

4.2. Types of Monarhies

4.2.1. Absolute monarchy Unlimited political power. The state is ruled by one person. Can’t be restrained by constitution or laws.

4.2.2. Constitutional monarchy Political power limited by the constitution. Most use a parliamentary system. Today's constitutional monarchy is mostly combined with a representative democracy.

4.2.3. Federal monarchy A federal monarchy is a federation ruled by one monarch, and all the power relies on it. There’s is voting for this type of monarchy. Uses constitution

4.2.4. Elective monarchy An elective monarchy happens when a monarch is elected by different choices for the job (candidates). The monarch is chosen by the royal family or the members of the aristocracy.

4.3. Examples of Monarchies

4.3.1. Absolute Monarchy: Vatican City, Swaziland, Saudi Arabia

4.3.2. Constitutional Monarchy: Spain, Canada

4.3.3. Federal Monarchy: Malaysia, United Arab Emirates, Belgium, Canada, Austria, Hungary, and Yugoslavia

4.3.4. Elective Monarchy: Rome, Russia, Serbia, Vatican City, Rome, Malta, Andorra

4.4. Bibliography

4.4.1. "Types of Monarchy | Different Types of Monarchy." Types of Monarchy | Different Types of Monarchy. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2016.

4.4.2. "Federal Monarchy Countries." Federal Monarchy Countries. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2016.

4.4.3. "The Definition of an Elective Monarchy | The Classroom | Synonym." The Definition of an Elective Monarchy | The Classroom | Synonym. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2016.

5. Monarchy