Cognitive Development Theories

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Cognitive Development Theories by Mind Map: Cognitive Development Theories

1. Piaget:

1.1. o Development is a process that takes time and cannot be hastened. Simply telling a student something does not help them understand it. It is a child’s own effort that takes him or her to the next level of acceleration.

1.2. o In order to deepen and broaden knowledge it is important to know that knowledge is always based on other knowledge.

1.3. Applications:

1.3.1. o Foster a learning environment that allow students to think critically to discover other possibilities through hands on learning.

1.3.2. o Students should be encouraged to experiment to discover possibilities and should be provided opportunities in which they can use as background knowledge so they can make connections to new information to enhance leaning.

2. Vygotsky:

2.1. o The Adolescent stage is significant in the development of thinking. Thinking is not fully developed if the environment does not create appropriate tasks, advance new demands, or stimulate deeper thinking through new tasks.

2.2. o Social learning is an important precedent to development.

2.3. Applications:

2.3.1. o Create a learning environment that enhances the thinking process by keeping track of how much students learn, providing supports as needed and adding rigor to further develop thinking.

2.3.2. o Incorporate social learning activities before or during learning activities to activate development in students.

3. Individual Perspective

3.1. Cognitive development is a process that begins as early as birth, development is fostered by environmental and social factors. Age range is an acceptable marker to determine cognitive development, though, if deficiency is considered the environment of the child should be recognized as a means to not enhancing cognitive development.

4. Compare and Contrast

4.1. Piaget:

4.1.1. *Development occurs prior to learning *Universal stages of development  *Development is an individual process

4.2. Similarities:

4.2.1. *Students are actively involved in the learning process *Conflict within thinking fosters learning

4.3. Vygotsky:

4.3.1. *Social learning comes before development *Culture shapes development *Development happens through interactions with others