Body Systems

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Body Systems by Mind Map: Body Systems

1. Sensory

1.1. Transfers impulses to allow reactions

1.2. Main Parts

1.2.1. Somatic senses Sound

1.2.2. Tongue Taste

1.2.3. Eyes Sight

1.2.4. Ears Sound

1.2.5. Nose Smell

1.3. Diseases

1.3.1. Colour Blindness Colour vision deficiency

1.3.2. Tinnitus Ringing or buzzing in the ears

2. Digestive

2.1. Breaks down food

2.2. Absorbs nutrients

2.3. Main Parts

2.3.1. Mouth Intakes, breakdown, swallows food

2.3.2. Stomach Breakdown food further

2.3.3. Small Intestine Absorbs nutrients

2.4. Diseases

2.4.1. Celiac Disease Hypersensitive small intestine to gluten

2.4.2. Irritable Bowel Syndrome Recurrent abdominal pain and constipation

2.4.3. Acid Reflux Acidic gastric fluid in esophagus

3. Urinary

3.1. Produces, stores and eliminates urine

3.2. Filters waste and water from blood

3.3. Main Parts

3.3.1. Kidneys Blood Filtration, waste removal

3.3.2. Bladder Storage reservoir for urine

3.3.3. Urethra Carries urine to opening

3.4. Diseases

3.4.1. Kidney Disease Kidney damage, decreased function

3.4.2. Urinary Tract Infection Infection of urinary system

3.4.3. Interstitial Cystitis Causes bladder pressure/pain

4. Skeletal

4.1. Supports and allows movement

4.2. Protects organs and Ph regulation

4.3. Blood cell production

4.4. Main Parts

4.4.1. Skull Framework of the head

4.4.2. Rib Cage Encloses vital human organs

4.4.3. Vertebral Column Allows the body to bend

4.5. Diseases

4.5.1. Osteoporosis Makes bones fragile

4.5.2. Arthritis Damages joints and surrounding structures

4.5.3. Leukimia Cancer of the bone marrow

5. Muscular

5.1. Support movement and maintains posture

5.2. Helps with blood circulation

5.3. Protect organs and aids in digestion

5.4. Main Parts

5.4.1. Skeletal muscle Voluntary control & are attached to skeleton

5.4.2. Smooth muscle Unvoluntary control, in soft organs

5.4.3. Cardiac muscle Responsible for pumping activit of heart

5.5. Diseases

5.5.1. Muscular Dystrophy Damage of muscle fibers

5.5.2. Rhabdomyolysis Destruction of skeletal muscle

5.5.3. Fibromyalgia Weakening muscle disorder

6. Nervous

6.1. Receives and sends information

6.2. Main Parts

6.2.1. Central Nervous System Brain Governing center Spinal Cord Contains many reflex centers

6.2.2. Peripheral Nervous System Nerves Connect the body to brain

6.3. Diseases

6.3.1. Epilepsy Seizures, from abnormal cell firing in brain

6.3.2. Multiple Sclerosis A disease which attacks nerves

6.3.3. Alzheimer's Progressive inability to remember

7. Cardiovascular

7.1. Maintains temperature and fluid balance

7.2. Transports nutrients, gases and waste

7.3. Main Parts

7.3.1. Heart Circulates blood

7.3.2. Veins Blood towards heart

7.3.3. Arteries Blood away from heart

7.4. Diseases

7.4.1. Peripheral Vascular Disease Blockage of blood vessels

7.4.2. Heart Failure Developed from heart damaged

7.4.3. Congenital Heart Disease Improper heart development

8. Lymphatic & Immune

8.1. Protect and transports lymph

8.2. Main Parts

8.2.1. Lymph Nodes Carries lymph, nutrients and waste

8.2.2. White Blood Cells Protect the body against infection

8.2.3. Bone Marrow Produces blood cells and platelets

8.3. Diseases

8.3.1. Immunodeficiency Prevent your body from fighting infections

8.3.2. Castleman Disease Overgrowth of lymphatic cells

8.3.3. Lymphoma Cancer of the immune system

9. Respiratory

9.1. Intakes Oxygen, Expels Carbon Dioxide

9.2. Main Parts

9.2.1. Nasal Cavity Inhales, warms, filters air

9.2.2. Lungs oxygen - in, carbon dioxide - out

9.2.3. Alveoli Oxygen and Carbon dioxide Exchange

9.3. Diseases

9.3.1. Tuberculosis Infectious bacterial disease

9.3.2. Lung Cancer Cancer of the lungs

9.3.3. Asthma Narrowing of the airways

10. Endocrine

10.1. Regulating hormone production

10.2. Main Parts

10.2.1. Pituitary Gland Controls growth, development, gland functions

10.2.2. Thyroid Gland Secretes hormones to regulate growth

10.2.3. Pancreas Control's blood sugar levels

10.3. Diseases

10.3.1. Hypothyroidism Thyroid gland isn't secreting properly

10.3.2. Diabetes Body’s inable to produce insulin

10.3.3. Hypoglycemia Glucose deficiency in bloodstream

10.3.4. Thyroid Cancer Abnormal cells growth in thyroid

10.3.5. Goiter Swelling of the neck