Gender and Caste in Nepal

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Gender and Caste in Nepal by Mind Map: Gender and Caste in Nepal

1. Heirarchy

1.1. Bhalara society is heirarchal

1.2. Gender and caste are seen as different manifestations of the same principles

1.2.1. Ortner and Whitehead

1.3. Castes are seperated into varna and jaat

1.4. The principle of heirarchy operates primarily in varna designations

1.4.1. people are ranked according to relative degrees of purity

2. Varna vs. Jat

2.1. Varna is about rank and heirarchy in accordance with degrees of purity

2.1.1. only within varna is the ideology of purity-impurity a primary hierarchical principle

2.2. Jat differentiation is about grouping people and things according to their shared features

2.2.1. Ex. Occupation, place of origin

2.3. heirarchy of jat is a secondary application involving purity-impurity

2.4. Bhalara may speak about jat in a non hierarchal way

2.4.1. In this case jat may refer to gender or caste

2.5. Jat as a caste difference involves impurity

2.6. Jat as a gender difference is about emotional, biological, sexual and purity differences between males and females

3. Gender

3.1. Gender relations at lower levels contrast with upper levels

3.2. Gender is different among castes

3.3. low caste differ from high cast in their labor, kinship relations, religious practice and marital relations

4. Culture and Land

4.1. systematic inheritance of land by males ensures structural exclusion of women from ownership

4.2. women are the primary cultivators of the land

4.2.1. women are the farmers

4.3. land is the most important resource