Concept of Knowledge in Islam

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Concept of Knowledge in Islam by Mind Map: Concept of Knowledge in Islam

1. 1. Muslim Philosopher: Knowledge means the picture produced about something in the mind/intellect

1.1. Example: When we picture a car, we picture the shape, the color ; this is the knowledge of the car

2. Definition of Knowledge in Islamic Perspective

2.1. 2. Ahl al-Sunnah: Knowledge is what one knows about something/ what makes one knowledgeable about something.

2.2. 3. Al- Attas : Knowledge has been understood to mean the holy Quran, laws of the syariah, faith, spiritual knowledge, wisdom, ma’rifah and others.

2.3. 4. Imam al-Ghazali : Knowledge is the acquisition of that information through which one can successfully attain the true goal of life

3. The Importance of Knowledge

3.1. Knowledge is the first revelation in Islam

3.1.1. Islam that the first revelation revealed by Allah swt to the Prophet saw is surah al-‘Alaq that deals with knowledge

3.2. Make a practice of the knowledge gained

3.2.1. (in surah al-‘Alaq), Allah swt commands us to do good deeds. The ayat is قُمْ فَأَنذِرْ – that commands us to do good deeds and forbid bad things

3.3. Knowledge as a pre-requisite for a deed to be accepted by Allah

3.3.1. Doing the deed with ikhlas (sincerity) – just to please Allah

3.4. Knowledge elevates one’s nobility

4. Definition of Ilm ( علم)

4.1. Al-Ilm ( علم) :  to know, to understand, to perceive , to be familiar and acquainted with intensive knowledge

5. Definition of Ma'rifah (المعرفة):

5.1. Al-Ma’rifah (المعرفة): to know, to explain, to confess, to comprehend a certain thing with the use of thinking

5.1.1. Midterm

6. 3 Degrees of Knowledge

6.1. 'ilm al-yaqin (certain knowledge)

6.2. ayn al-yaqin (knowledge by sight)

6.3. haqq al-yaqin (knowledge by the unity of subject and object)

7. "Knowledge is something inside. It is not neutral"

8. "Allah is the only source of knowledge because he knows both the “ghaib” (unseen) and “zahir” (external). Man’s knowledge is limited. He knows only zahir but also limited"

9. "Ma'lumat is the object of knowledge"

10. Adab in seeking knowledge

10.1. Adab: recoginition and acknowledgement of the right and proper place (darajat) & to self discipline in positive and willing participation in enacting one’s role in accordance with that recognition and acknowledgement

10.2. Examples of Adab:                          Adab towards the self Adab towards the family and society Adab towards language Adab towards the environment Adab towards sounds and colours: arts Adab towards KNOWLEDGE

11. 2 Things that cause crisis in knowledge

11.1. External: confrontation with western culture & civilization

11.1.1. From the doctrinal challenge to the counter back of the western :Colonization

11.2. Internal: Loss of Adab

11.2.1. Happen because:                          1. Confusion and error in knowledge 2.Turn to massive loss of Adab        3. The rise of false leader

12. KNOWLEDGE in Western Perspective:

12.1. Knowledge is justified as true belief

12.2. By truth, it divided into 5 JUSTIFICATION

12.2.1. 1. Idealism

12.2.2. 2. Matirealism

12.2.3. 3. Empirilism

12.2.4. 4. Rationalism

12.2.5. 5. Secularism

13. The Purpose of Knowledge

13.1. To recognize God as Lord : the true object of worship

14. 3 knowledge corruptors

14.1. The Ignorants

14.1.1. Due to baseless opinions, they are unable to recognize and correct their errors.

14.2. The Plagiarist

14.2.1. They are envious and insincere because they suppress the true and right of original sources for their own benefits

14.3. The Extremist

14.3.1. Exceeding the right understanding of the purpose of knowledge.