Balkan Wars

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Balkan Wars by Mind Map: Balkan Wars

1. Bosnia 1992-1995

1.1. War broke out

1.1.1. Independence 1992

1.2. Most ethically diverse

1.2.1. Bos. Muslim gov 44%

1.2.1.1. Wanted independance

1.2.2. Serb 33%

1.2.3. Croat 18%

1.3. Serb cleansing of Bos and Croat

1.3.1. Human right violations

1.3.1.1. Forced relocations

1.3.1.2. Castration

1.3.1.3. Curfews

1.3.1.4. Rape

1.3.1.5. Killings

1.3.1.6. Concentration camps

1.3.2. Massacre at Srebrenica

1.3.2.1. Bos. dominated town

1.3.2.2. July 1995

1.3.2.2.1. Serb general Mladic

1.3.2.3. Seperated women and children form men

1.3.2.3.1. Murdered 7,000 men and boys

1.3.2.3.2. Women raped

1.3.2.4. Largest massacre since WW2

1.3.2.4.1. those not killed sent to one of 381 c. camps

1.3.3. Defeat of Serb forces

1.3.3.1. Dayton Accords

1.3.3.1.1. Signed in Dayton, Ohio  1995

1.3.3.2. 60,000 NATO troops to keep peace

1.3.3.3. End of war

1.3.3.3.1. 100,000 killed

1.3.3.3.2. 1 million injured and displaced

2. Kosovo 1990-2008

2.1. Autonomous province within Yugosav federation

2.1.1. Kosovo remained part of Serb after breakup of Yug.

2.1.1.1. 10% Kos. pop. ethic Serb

2.1.1.1.1. 90% Kos. pop. ethic Albanians

2.1.1.2. Province regarded as cradle of Serb culture, religion and nat. identity

2.1.1.3. Pressure for independence 1980's

2.1.1.3.1. Serb removed Kos. autonomous status

2.1.1.3.2. Encouraged Serb to move to Kos

2.1.1.3.3. 1990 Kos gov suspended

2.1.1.3.4. Serb defeat - 1990

2.1.1.3.5. Declared independence - 2008

3. EU

3.1. Slovenia - 2004

3.1.1. Adopted Euro - 2007

3.2. Croatia - 2013

3.3. Macedonia, Bosnia, Montenegro - candidates

3.4. Serbia economy recovering since 2002

3.4.1. Became candidate

3.4.2. Balkan Tiger

3.4.2.1. 6.5% growth/y

4. Separatism

4.1. Marshall Tito held Yugoslavia together

4.1.1. Communist/socialist dictatorship

4.1.2. No ethic group dominated fed

4.1.3. Diffused ethic tensions

4.1.3.1. WW2 genocide

4.1.3.1.1. Croats+Germans VS Serbs and others

4.1.4. Death of Tito - 1980

4.1.4.1. Tensions reignited

4.1.5. Miosevic rose to power - 1987

4.1.5.1. 'Greater Serbia'

4.1.5.1.1. Propaganda campaign

4.1.5.2. Talks of independance

4.1.5.2.1. Slovenia + Croatia first to leave - 1991