THEORIES AND PERSPECTIVE OF LEARNING

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THEORIES AND PERSPECTIVE OF LEARNING by Mind Map: THEORIES AND PERSPECTIVE OF LEARNING

1. Logical Mathematical

1.1. Number smart

1.1.1. Scientist

1.1.2. Accountant

1.1.3. Engineer

2. People learn throughout their lives.

3. Behaviourist theory

3.1. Ivan Pavlov

3.1.1. Classical conditioning

3.1.1.1. Before conditioning

3.1.1.1.1. Food

3.1.1.1.2. Bell

3.1.1.2. During classical conditioning

3.1.1.2.1. Food

3.1.1.2.2. Followed by

3.1.1.2.3. Bell

3.1.1.3. After classical conditioning

3.1.1.3.1. Bell

3.2. B.F. Skinner

3.2.1. Operant conditioning

3.2.1.1. Reinforcement

3.2.1.1.1. Positive (stimulus presented)

3.2.1.1.2. Negative (stimulus presented)

3.2.1.2. Punishment

3.2.1.2.1. Positive (stimulus presented)

3.2.1.2.2. Negative (stimulus presented)

4. Cognitive theory

4.1. Executive processes

4.1.1. Encoding

4.1.2. Attention

4.1.3. Perception

4.1.4. Complex

4.1.5. Forgetting

4.1.6. Rehearsal

4.2. Memory

4.2.1. Stage model

4.2.1.1. Sensory

4.2.1.2. Short - term

4.2.1.3. Long - term

4.2.2. Processes

4.2.2.1. Encoding

4.2.2.2. Storage

4.2.2.3. Retrieval

5. Constructivist Views

5.1. Jean Piaget

5.1.1. Cognitive constructivism

5.1.1.1. Concepts

5.1.1.1.1. Schema

5.1.1.1.2. Assimilation

5.1.1.1.3. Accommodation

5.1.1.1.4. Equilibration

5.1.1.2. Principles

5.1.1.2.1. Learning is an active rather than passive process.

5.1.1.2.2. Learning should be whole, authentic and "real" to be effective.

5.2. Lev Vygotsky

5.2.1. Social constructivism

5.2.1.1. Social interaction

5.2.1.2. Psychological tools

5.2.1.2.1. Language

5.2.1.3. The more knowledgeable other

5.2.1.4. Scaffolding

5.2.1.4.1. Tutoring

5.2.1.5. The zone of proximal development

6. Multiple Intelligences

6.1. Bodily kinaesthetic

6.1.1. Body smart

6.1.1.1. Dance

6.1.1.2. Actor

6.1.1.3. Athlete

6.2. Activating experience

6.3. Linguistic

6.3.1. Word smart

6.3.1.1. Writer

6.3.1.2. Presenter

6.3.1.3. Lawyer

6.3.1.4. Comedian

6.4. Naturalist

6.4.1. Nature smart

6.4.1.1. Farmer

6.4.1.2. Gardener

6.4.1.3. Veterinarian

6.5. Musical

6.5.1. Music smart

6.5.1.1. Singer

6.5.1.2. Musician

6.5.1.3. Composer

6.6. Spatial

6.6.1. Picture smart

6.6.1.1. Artist

6.6.1.2. Architect

6.6.1.3. Photographer

6.6.1.4. Pilot

6.7. Interpersonal

6.7.1. People smart

6.7.1.1. Teacher

6.7.1.2. Doctor

6.7.1.3. Politician

6.7.2. Self smart

6.7.2.1. Writer

6.7.2.2. Philosopher

6.7.2.3. Researcher

7. Experiential Learning

7.1. Structure of the activity is important.

7.2. Design specifications

7.2.1. Framing the experience

7.2.2. Reflecting on experience

7.3. New node

7.4. Make sure that you discuss the experience in a timely manner.

7.5. Theoretical

7.5.1. Learning by doing

7.5.2. Experiential learning

7.5.3. Problem - centered learning

7.6. Relfection and feedback is important.

8. Motivational theories and Emotion and Learning

8.1. Extrinsic

8.1.1. Operant conditioning

8.1.2. Social cognition

8.2. Intrinsic

8.2.1. Cognition

8.2.2. Social cognition

8.2.3. Biology

8.2.4. Affect

8.2.5. Spiritual

8.2.6. Conation

9. Learning styles

9.1. Honey - mumford model

9.1.1. Enthusiastic learning style

9.1.1.1. Doing

9.1.1.2. Feeling

9.1.2. Imaginative learning style

9.1.2.1. Feeling

9.1.2.2. Observing

9.1.3. Logical learning style

9.1.3.1. Observing

9.1.3.2. Thinking

9.1.4. Practical learning style

9.1.4.1. Doing

9.1.4.2. Thinking

9.2. Neuro - linguistic programming

9.2.1. Visual

9.2.2. Auditory

9.2.3. Kinaesthetic

10. Name: Marilou(201600100) Christina (201600069)