BECOMING A PUBLIC SPEAKER PART 2

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BECOMING A PUBLIC SPEAKER PART 2 by Mind Map: BECOMING A PUBLIC SPEAKER PART 2

1. The Classical Roots of Public Speaking

1.1. Rhetoric

1.1.1. Also called oratory

1.1.2. The practice of giving speeches

1.1.3. referred to making effective speeches, particularly those of a persuasive nature.

1.2. Athens

1.2.1. the site of the world’s first direct democracy

1.2.2. its citizens used their considerable skill in public speaking to enact it

1.3. Agora

1.3.1. a public square where the Athenians routinely spoke with great proficiency on the issues of public policy

1.4. Roman Republic

1.4.1. Citizens spoke in a public space called forum

1.5. Canons of Rhetoric

1.5.1. Aristotle and Cicero divided the process of preparing a speech into five parts

1.5.2. Invention

1.5.2.1. adapting speech information to the audience in order to make your case

1.5.3. Arrangement

1.5.3.1. Citizens spoke in a public space called forum

1.5.4. Style

1.5.4.1. the way the speaker uses language to express the speech ideas

1.5.5. Memory and Delivery

1.5.5.1. the methods of rehearsing and presenting the speech so that you achieve the most effective blend of content, voice, and nonverbal behavior.

2. Shared Elements in All Communication Events

2.1. Source

2.1.1. Person who creates the message

2.2. Encoding

2.2.1. Process of converting thoughts into words

2.3. Reciever

2.3.1. Recipient of the source's message

2.4. Decoding

2.4.1. Process of interpreting message

2.5. Feedback

2.5.1. audience's response to a message

2.6. Message

2.6.1. Content of the communication process

2.7. Channel

2.7.1. A medium through which the speaker sends a message

2.8. Noise

2.8.1. Any interference with the message

2.9. Shared Meaning

2.9.1. Mutual understanding of a message between speaker and audience

2.10. Context

2.10.1. includes anything that influences the speaker, the audience, the occasion and the speech.

2.10.1.1. Rhetorical situation

2.10.1.1.1. Calling for a public response

2.10.1.2. Audience centered

2.10.1.2.1. Keep the needs, values and attitudes and wants the listeners to focus firmly

2.11. Goals

2.11.1. Final prerequisite for an effective speech