Absolute Monarchs

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Absolute Monarchs by Mind Map: Absolute Monarchs

1. Characteristics

1.1. Definition: Ultimate authority of a state or kingdom is under the control of a king

1.2. Absolute monarchs ruled by divine right

1.2.1. Divine Right: claim that the king was entitled to rule by a higher power, such as God

1.3. Absolute monarchs would not share their power

1.3.1. Areas such as: administration, taxes, justice, and foreign policy

2. England

2.1. Queen Elizabeth I, absolute monarch in England

2.1.1. Reigned 1558-1603

2.2. Elizabethan Age because she did not call the Parliament into session

2.3. Became popular with the people, specially when carrying out battle plans like that agaisnt the Spanish Armada

3. France

3.1. Bishop Jacques-Benigne Bossuet

3.1.1. Examples of absolute monarch in the 17th century include Bishop Jacques-Benigne Bossuet

3.1.1.1. Bossuet believed that all governments were ordained by God to royalty

3.1.2. Bousset believed power was unconditional because it was ordained by God

3.2. King Louis XIV

3.2.1. Best example of absolutism: King Louis XIV

3.2.2. Was successful even though ascended to the throne as a child

3.2.3. Ruled France

3.2.4. Louis XIV reigned 1643-1715

3.2.5. Absolutism was such a success for Louis XIV that other monarchies imitated the French system

3.3. The Huguenots were persecuted by some absolute monarchs like Louis XIV

4. Spain

4.1. Charles V, absolute monarch of both Spain and the Holy Roman Empire

4.1.1. Made Spain one of the countries with biggest power by taking gold from the New World

4.2. Ruled without calling the Parliament into session

4.2.1. The people of Spain were fed up with him so they executed him

5. Holy Roman Empire

5.1. Nobles of this Empire were part of the Habsburg family

5.2. Distrust between nobles and rulers

5.2.1. Made it harder to pass laws, taxes, and building and army

5.3. Absolutism was in use with Charles V