Comparative Politics

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Comparative Politics by Mind Map: Comparative Politics

1. Government Systems

1.1. Presidential System

1.1.1. Fused Executive

1.1.2. Mutual Independence

1.1.3. Advantage More choices for voters Accountability Congressional Independence

1.1.4. Disadvantages Minority Government Congressional Government

1.1.5. United States and Nigeria

1.1.6. Brazil Corporatism- state has active role with organizing groups and mediating them Authoritarian Repressive of freedoms Military Regime Weakened by fragmented party system and need to work with shifting coalitions BiCameral Chamber of Deputies Upper House: Senate

1.2. Parliament

1.2.1. Dual Executive Head of Government Head of State

1.2.2. Mutual Dependence Executive must have minority Fusion of executive and legislative powers Can dissolve legislation

1.2.3. Advantages Prime Minister first among equals Member of legislature Leader of Majority Power Mutual Dependence

1.2.4. Disadvantages Potential of Government Instability More parties leads to unstable coalition

1.2.5. United Kingdom Unwritten Constitution Parliament can't sit more than five years Parliament can pass vote of no confidence Government is responsible to Parliment Brexit House of Lords 700 members House of Commons SMD plurality Disproportional outcomes Strategic voting Most votes win

1.2.6. Germany Bicameral Bundestag Bundesrat Head of Gov- Chancellor Head of State-President Mixed Member Proportional Representation 1/2 SMD/Plurality 1/2 PR/Party List Voters Cast two votes

1.3. Semi Presidential

1.3.1. Dual Executive Head of government Fused with and is responsible with legislature Parliament Head of State Presidential

1.3.2. France National Assembly- main legislative body Elected from citizens Senate Upper house

1.3.3. Russia Power in Politburo and with general secretary Perestroika USSR democratizing Kremlin Semi-Presidential Suppraregions Federal Assembly DUMA Federation Council Run Off Election Corruption Mixed Member Proportional

1.4. Communism

1.4.1. Core of Human relations is economic

1.4.2. Central Planning

1.4.3. Nationalization of Production

1.4.4. Collectivization of Agriculture

1.4.5. China Corruption Chinese Communist Party State Council National People's Congress Supreme People's Court Supreme People's Procurator ate State Presidential (ceremonial) Military Inequality and urban/rural divides

2. Constitution

2.1. Political Ideology

3. State

3.1. Government Institutions

3.1.1. Extractive

3.1.2. Administrative

3.1.3. Coercive

3.1.4. Legal

3.2. Success

3.2.1. Sovereignty

3.2.2. Legitimacy

3.3. Failing

3.3.1. No legitimacy

3.3.2. Can't provide public services

3.3.3. Corrupt

3.3.4. Nigeria Presidentialism Directly elected and hard to remove Centralized executive authority Institutions Bicameral Federalism Hyperfederalism Election Issues Security Corruption PDP Christian party strongest in the South WEAK Most populous country and largest exporter in Africa but weak- Praetorianism Military tried to intervene when government is in chaos

4. Proportional Representation

4.1. Multi member district

4.2. Party's share of seats equals share of popular vote