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Emily Hamrick's Mind map Vocab Project by Mind Map: Emily  Hamrick's Mind map Vocab Project
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Emily Hamrick's Mind map Vocab Project

Biomes

Rainforest

A warm wet biome. An example would be like Madagascar. Rainforests have alot of vegitation and many different species living there.

Temperate Deciduous Forest

A wet and dry and warm and cold biome that has deciduous trees. An example of this would be Quakertown.

Coniferous Forest

A wet and dry and warm and cold biome with coniferous trees. An example of this would be South America

Desert

A hot and dry biome. An example of this would be the Sahara Desert. Since deserts don't get much rain, not a lot of species live there.

Tundra

A cold dry biome. An example of this would be Antarctica. Because of the extremely cold temperatures and lack of rain, tundras can't support alot of species so there aren't many that can survive there.

Grasslands/savannah

A hot dry biome. Most of the vegitation in these biomes is grass and an example would be parts of Mongolia

Freshwater

A biome with water the is fresh and not salt water. An example of this would be a river or lake.

Marine

A biome with salt water and not freshwater. An example of this would be the ocean.

Food Webs

Food Web

A diagram made up of multiple food chains that shows many ways how energy can be transferred from one trophic level to the next

Food Chain

A diagram showing one example of how the energy is transferred from one trophic to another in a specific biome

Organism

Any form of life

Popualtion

A group of individuals of the same species found in a given area

Community

Populations of living organisms that interact with one another in an ecosystem

Ecosystem

Group of living organisms that interact with one another and the nonliving envirnment

Biome

Geographic region of Earth that is inhabited by a community of distinct types of plants and animals

Biosphere

layer of soil, water, and air that sustains life

Biotic/Abiotic Factors

Producer

An organism that makes its own food through photosynthosis. An example of this is algae.

Primary Consumer

An organism that consumes a producer to get it's energy. An example of this is a small fish.

Secondary Consumer

An organism that consumes a primary consumer to get it's energy. An example of this is a big fish

Tertiary Consumer

An organism that consumes a secondary consumer to get it's energy. An example of this is a really big fish

Trophic Levels

A way of organizing organisms to show how each organism gets it's energy

Limiting Factors

Limiting Factors

Things that limit the amount different species an ecosystems can support

Carrying Capacity

The amount of organisms an ecosystem can support

Ecological Sucession

The observed process of change in the species struture of an ecological community over time.

Primary Sucession

The development of biotic communities in a previously uninhabited and barren habitat with little or no soil

SecondarySucession

The regrowth of a habitat in an area where a natural disaster or some other thing destroyed the living things there.

Pioneer Species

The first species to grow back in an area after a natural disaster.

Climax Community

An ecological community in which populations of plants and animals remain stable and exist in balance with eachother and their envirnment

Population Growth

Population Growth

When the total world population increases

Black Plague

A plaque during the late 1500's that caused the largest decrease in human population in history

Industrial Revolution

Started in the 1800's and had advancements in medicine, food, sanitation, and energy sources. This caused the largest population growth ever.

Exponential Growth

The growth of a system in which the amount being added is twice the amount already there

Sustainability

To supply with food, wayer, and other necessitys so that living things can live in an area

Logistic Growth

Population growth where the growth rate decreases when the number of individuals increase until it reaches zero and the population reaches it's maximum

J-Curve

Shows the exponential growth of something

S-Curve

Shows the logistical growth of something

Population Growth Rate

The rate at which the total world population increases

Biodiversity

Hot Spots

An area hotter than the surrounding surface

Biodiversity

The variety of different species in an area

Biotic Factors

Any living thing

Abiotic Factors

Any non-living thing

Water Pollution

Water Pollution

Pollution of the water in rivers and lakes with things not there originally.

Point Source

A form of pollution where the source is known. Factories are an example of point source pollution.

Non-Point Source

A form of pollution where the exact source of the pollution is unidentifiable. Fertalizers and pet waste is an example of non-point source pollution

Aquifer

An underground source of freshwater