Research Process

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Research Process by Mind Map: Research Process

1. Step 4: Analyze found materials

1.1. Evaluate Sources(CRAAP)

1.1.1. Currency - timeliness of the information Information Cycle same day week of week(s) after 6 months+ 1 year + revised/updated?

1.1.2. Relevance - importance of the information relate to topic/answer question? audience appropriate education level

1.1.3. Authority - source of the information author/publisher/source/sponser? credentials organizational affiliations qualifications contact information publisher email URL source .edu .gov .org .net Source of the information

1.1.4. Accuracy - reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content source accuracy information supported by evidence reviewed or refereed verifiable personal knowledge another source unbias/free of emotion .com spelling, grammar, typographical errors

1.1.5. Purpose - reason for information's existance purpose inform teach sell entertain persuade clear intension/purpose legitimacy fact opinion propoganda objective/impartial point of view identify biases political ideological cultural religious institutional personal

1.2. Primary vs Secondary Source

1.2.1. Primary Source original, first hand factual reports, results examples diaries, journals, letters newspaper and magazine articles government records photographs paintings, drawings, sculptures published results of research studies published results of scientific experiments

1.2.2. Secondary Source analyzes and interprets primary source reports, results second-hand accounts interpretations examples biographies histories book, art, theater reviews analysis of a clinic trial view of the results of experiments, trials

2. Step 5: Apply research materials to paper

2.1. fill into outline

2.1.1. identify useful/relevant info summary condense key points paraphrase in your own words different sentence structure avoid "plagiaphrasing" quote

2.2. build/expand/develop body of paper

2.3. cite your sources

2.3.1. citation page

2.3.2. in-text citations

3. Step 1: Identify Topic

3.1. evaluate options

3.2. identify requirements/goals

3.2.1. length

3.2.2. style

3.2.3. audience

3.2.4. sources how many appropriate types

3.3. brainstorm

3.3.1. lists

3.3.2. flow charts

4. Step 2: Outline

4.1. Lay out the paper

4.1.1. background

4.1.2. body

4.1.3. conclusion

4.1.4. citation page

4.2. Identify main points

4.2.1. sort/categorize to create Subject Headings

4.2.2. list associated/relevant key words

5. Step 3: Locate Materials(Sources)

5.1. Mediums

5.1.1. Books

5.1.2. Internet Research Databases Peer-Reviewed Articles Google Scholar Scholarly Journals

5.1.3. Magazines

5.1.4. Library Catalog

5.1.5. News Sources digital print

5.1.6. Social Media

5.1.7. Scholarly Articles digital print

5.2. Use key words from outline to search

5.2.1. search methods boolean operators phrase searches truncation

5.2.2. combine search methods