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Censorship by Mind Map: Censorship
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Censorship

Methods

On people

Self-censorship

Chilling effect, speech or conduct is suppressed by fear of penalization at the interests of an individual or group

Strategic lawsuit, lawsuit that is intended to censor, intimidate and silence critics by burdening them with the cost of a legal defense until they abandon their criticism or opposition

Gag order, an order, sometimes a legal order by a court or government, restricting information or comment from being made public

Postal censorship, inspection or examination of mail, most often by governments.

Prior restraint, prevent, in advance, from communicating certain material

Conspiracy of silence, tacit communal unspoken consensus not to talk about something

Speech code, any rule or regulation that limits, restricts, or bans speech beyond the strict legal limitations upon freedom of speech or press found in the legal definitions of harassment, slander, libel, and fighting words.

Verbal offence, crime that exists in many countries that impose limitations on freedom of speech. It refers to dissent and/or blasphemy. Laws that penalize "verbal offences" are often used as an instrument of government and state oppression.

Heckling, shouting a disparaging comment at a performance or event, or interrupting speeches, for example at a political meeting, with intent to disturb its performers or participants.Legally, such conduct may constitute protected free speech

On information

Propaganda model, manufacturing consent through manipulation

Memory Hole, mechanism for the alteration or disappearance of inconvenient or embarrassing documents,, particularly as part of an attempt to give the impression that something never happened.

Revisionism, illegitimate distortion of the historical record such that certain events appear in a more or less favourable light.

Expurgation, involves purging anything deemed noxious or offensive, usually from an artistic work

Sanitisation/Redaction, removing sensitive information from a document or other medium, so that it may be distributed to a broader audience

Whitewashing

Euphemism

On media

Newspaper theft

Bleeping

Pixellisation

Content-control software, software designed and optimized for controlling what content is permitted to a reader

Radio-jamming

Broadcast delay

Rationale

Moral

removal of materials that are obscene or considered morally questionable

Military

keeping military intelligence and tactics confidential and away from the enemy to counter espionage.

Political

Governments often hold back information from their citizens to exert control over the populace and prevent free expression that might foment rebellion. Prevent antidemocratic groups politicians from gaining exposure. Protect the glory of the state

Religious

material considered objectionable by a certain faith is removed. Often involves a dominant religion forcing limitations on less prevalent ones.

Corporate

editors in corporate media outlets intervening to disrupt the publishing of information that portrays their business in a negative light, or to prevent alternate offers from reaching public exposure

By media

Banned books

Banned films

Re-edited films

Internet

Motion Picture Production Code

Radio

Press

Music

Video Games

Speech and expression

Thought

Context

Corporate

Political

Religious

Ideological

Criminal speech

Hate speech

Media bias

Suppression of dissent