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Plants by Mind Map: Plants

1. Retained Embryo

1.1. Mosses

1.1.1. Non-Vascular

1.1.1.1. Rhizoid

1.1.2. Protonemata

1.1.2.1. Gametophyte

1.1.2.1.1. Gamete

1.1.2.1.2. mitosis

1.1.3. Sporophyte

1.1.3.1. Spore

1.1.3.1.1. Homosporous

1.1.3.1.2. Heterosporous

1.1.3.1.3. operculum

1.1.3.2. meiosis

1.1.4. Gametophyte dominant

1.2. Ferns & Allies

1.2.1. Sporophyte Dominant

1.2.1.1. Sporophyte is free-living for most of its life

1.2.2. Vascular Tissue (xylem and phloem)

1.2.2.1. True leaves

1.2.2.2. True stem

1.2.2.3. True roots

1.2.3. Sori

1.2.3.1. Cluster of Sporangia

1.2.3.2. Indusium

2. Algae

3. alternation of generations

4. seed plants

4.1. gymnosperms

4.1.1. megaspore

4.1.1.1. megagametophyte

4.1.1.1.1. egg

4.1.1.2. nucellus

4.1.1.3. megasporangia

4.1.2. microspore

4.1.2.1. microgametophyte

4.1.2.1.1. sperm

4.1.2.2. microsporangia

4.1.3. integument

4.1.3.1. seed coat

4.1.4. dominant sporophyte

4.1.4.1. sporophyll

4.1.5. conifers

4.2. heterospory

4.3. lateral growth

4.4. no antheridia

4.5. unisexual gametophytes

4.6. non-swimming sperm

4.7. pollen

4.8. nutritionally dependent gametophytes

5. Flowering Plants

5.1. double fertilization

5.2. carpel

5.3. stamen

5.4. sepals

5.5. petals

5.6. loss of archegonia

5.7. complete flower

5.8. perfect flower

5.9. finiculus

5.10. endosperm