Gilded Age

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Gilded Age by Mind Map: Gilded Age

1. The Definition of Gilded: means to cover something of poor quality with gold

2. Social

2.1. Urbanization: Urban Problems overcrowded housing and Sanitation garbage was often not collected Lack of clean water, Crime and Fire, Polluted Air

2.2. Migration: Immigration, Improvements in farm technology meant less labor, Many rural people left for cities to find work, African Americans

2.3. Corruption:The federal bureaucracy became ever more clogged with political appointees in sinecures, expanding the spoils system that was the hallmark of the earlier Andrew Jackson administration in the 1830s

2.4. Working Conditions: Better working conditions meant less labor

2.5. Linking the Nations:

2.6. Tenement: A rundown apartment used to house large numbers of low-income families.

3. Economic

3.1. Industrialization: A large scale introduction of manufacturing, advanced technical enterprises, and other productive economic activity into an area, society, country.

3.2. Economic Growth: Increase in a country's productive capacity, as measured by comparing gross national product in a year and the previous year.

3.3. New Inventions: New Scientific or technical idea, and the means of its embodiment or accomplishment.

3.4. Growth of the Middle Class and Suburbs: Suburbs first emerged on a large scale in the 19th and 20th centuries due to improved rail and road transport, which led to increased commuting. Suburban growth was facilitated by development of zoning laws, redlining, and numerous innovations in transport

3.5. Manifest Destiny: the 19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable.

3.6. Middle Class and the Growth of Suburbs

3.7. Nouveau Riche:The New Rich

3.8. Consolidating Industry: A commercial structure where a relatively low number of companies control a rather large market share of overall output or sales for a particular product or type.

3.9. Conspicuous Consumption: Spending money just to show off wealth

4. Political

4.1. Taxes:The problem isn’t taxes. The problem is who pays taxes and who gets the benefits.

4.2. Political Machines: Controlled the activities of a political party in a city / Also helped immigrants with naturalization, jobs and housing in exchange for votes

4.3. Laissez Faire: laissez faire advocates argued that government involvement hindered economic development and distorted the natural and equitable forces of economic progress. Government intervention was considered tantamount to "class legislation"

4.4. Political Corruption: Voter Fraud used fake names and voted multiple times/ Patronage Spoils System: granting favors in return for political support/ Graft: bribes

4.5. Tweed Ring Scandal: William M. Tweed, known as Boss Tweed, because head of Tammany Hall, NYC's powerful Democratic political machines. A group of politicians in defrauding the city. Tweed's ring stole between 40 and 200 million.