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LINKERS by Mind Map: LINKERS

1. START NEW SENTENCE & ADD AN IDEA TO THE SENTENCE /PARAGRAPH THAT WENT BEFORE

1.1. Moreover On top of that Furthermore In addition Additionally

1.1.1. It has been a terrible year for the Queen . First of all , she broke her wrist while playing snooker in Soho . On top of that , her favourite Corgi dog passed away in late March.

1.2. SIMILARITY

1.2.1. Likewise Similarly

2. 1. CONTRAST / CONCESSION

2.1. START NEW SENTENCE (while referring back to previous sentence)

2.1.1. That notwithstanding Nevertheless Nonetheless All the same though On the other hand Despite this In spite of this

2.1.1.1. People tend to waste a lot of time on social networks . That notwithstanding , they make a lot of new friends .

2.2. CONTRAST WITHIN SENTENCE

2.2.1. LINK TWO CLAUSES

2.2.1.1. whilst whereas while Despite the fact that In spite of the fact that although / though / Even though

2.2.1.1.1. Girls tend to read more whereas boys tend to spend more time online

2.2.2. LINK NOUN PHRASE

2.2.2.1. Despite In spite of

2.2.2.1.1. In spite of the rain , they went out .

2.3. VIDEOS

2.3.1. 1

2.3.2. 2

3. 2. CONDITION

3.1. START NEW SENTENCE & REFER BACK TO PREVIOUS SENTENCE

3.1.1. Otherwise If (we) don't

3.1.2. if I don't unless so long as provided/providing as long as

3.2. ALTERNATIVES TO IF / IF NOT

3.2.1. ADD EMPHASIS

3.2.1.1. Whether or not Even if

3.3. SOMETHING WE DO TO PREVENT ANOTHER THING HAPPENING

3.3.1. in case

3.4. VIDEOS

3.4.1. 1

4. 3. TIME / ORDER

4.1. WITH 'AND' JOIN TWO CLAUSES ; OTHERWISE , A NEW SENTENCE

4.1.1. Then Subsequently After that Afterwards Meanwhile /At the same time

4.2. ONLY LINKS TWO CLAUSES

4.2.1. until once when as soon as the minute the second

4.3. LINK A NOUN PHRASE TO A CLAUSE

4.3.1. during

5. 4. PURPOSE / RESULT

5.1. PURPOSE

5.1.1. CHANGE IN SUBJECT

5.1.1.1. SO (THAT) + can/could or will /would

5.1.2. NEGATIVE

5.1.2.1. SO AS NOT TO

5.1.2.2. IN ORDER NOT TO

5.1.3. AFFIRMATIVE

5.1.3.1. TO

5.1.3.2. IN ORDER TO

5.1.3.3. SO AS TO

5.2. 1

5.3. RESULT

5.3.1. consequently thus (v. formal) as such so as a result therefore

6. 5. ADDITION

6.1. ADD 2 IDEAS WITHIN SAME SENTENCE

6.1.1. not to mention as well as not only...but also

7. 6. CAUSE

7.1. LINK THE CAUSE (NOUN PHRASE) TO THE RESULT CLAUSE

7.1.1. to be + linker + noun phrase

7.1.1.1. (is) down to a result of due to

7.1.1.1.1. The melting polar icecaps is a result of climate change.

7.1.2. clause + linker + noun phrase

7.1.2.1. on account of as a result of due to owing to because of thanks to

7.1.2.1.1. On account of his bad behaviour , he was suspended from school for a week.

7.2. VIDEOS