English Tenses Cheatsheet

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English Tenses Cheatsheet by Mind Map: English Tenses Cheatsheet

1. Present

1.1. Simple

1.1.1. Use Facts and generalization The government steals public money everyday Habits and routines I don't eat breakfast in the morning Permanent situations State verbs (eg. be, have, think, know) Fixed/official arrangement that we can´t change

1.1.2. Form Subject + verb I learn English every day Subject + auxiliary verb + not + verb They don't live in New York anymore Auxiliary verb + subject + verb Does he learn English everyday?

1.2. Continuous

1.2.1. Use Activities or Situations happening around now in progress now incomplete temporary Future (personal) arrangements Mike is preparing to eat his big chicken

1.2.2. Form Subject + auxiliary verb to be + verb + ing He is getting married this month Subject + auxiliary verb + not + verb + ing We aren't waiting for my uncle Auxiliary verb + subject + verb + ing Is she eating my cake now?

1.3. Perfect

1.3.1. Use Actions which happened at indefinite (unknown) time before now in the past which have an effect in the present moment which began in the past and continue in the present

1.3.2. Form Subject + have/has + past participle I have bought new shades Subject + haven´t/hasn´t + past participle He hasn't taken any drug for two years Have/has + subject + past participle Where has she lived for the past 21 years?

1.4. Perfect Continuous

1.4.1. Use Actions that started in the past and continue in the present that have recently stopped

1.4.2. bom

1.4.3. Form Subject + has/have + been + verb + ing We've been waiting for a good offer to buy a car since March Subject + hasn´t/haven´t + been + verb + ing John hasn't been using his A drive for a long time Has/have + Subject + been + verb + ing Has Tom been walking the dog?

2. Future

2.1. Simple

2.1.1. Use Promises [use example] Unplanned actions (spontaneous decisions) [use example] Predictions based on experience or intuition [use example] Habits She will always greet you.

2.1.2. Form Subject + will + verb I think he will regret his choice Subject + won´t + verb I won't take any equipment with me Will + subject + verb Will he be angry when he sees me?

2.2. Continuous

2.2.1. Use Future actions in progress [use example] Guesses about the present or the future [use example] Polite questions about somebody´s intentions Will you be coming home?

2.2.2. Form Subject + will + be + verb + ing This time next week, I will be throwing a party. Subject + won´t + be + verb + ing I won't be learning English tomorrow at this time. Will + subject + be + verb + ing Will she be cooking when we knock at the door?

2.3. Perfect

2.3.1. Use Actions that will be finished before some point in the future I read 40 pages a day. If I keep up the pace, I will have read the book by Tuesday.

2.3.2. Form Subject + will + have + past participle They will have graduated from Cambridge by July 2009. Subject + won´t + have + past participle They won't have graduated from Cambridge by July 2009. Will + subject + have + past participle Will I have retired by the end of the year?

2.4. Perfect Continuous

2.4.1. Use Actions that will be in progress at a definite moment in the future. By tomorrow I will have been saving money for a new house for 4 years.

2.4.2. Form Subject + will + have + been + verb + ing We will have been driving 6 hours by the time I get home. Subject + won´t + have + been + verb + ing She won't have been writing the book for four months by the end of October. Will + subject + have + been + verb + ing How long will you have been learning German in July?

3. Template

3.1. [Tense]

3.1.1. Use [use description 1] [use example] [use description 2] [use example]

3.1.2. Form [positive form] [positive example] [negative form] [negative example] [question form] [question example]

4. Past

4.1. Simple

4.1.1. Use Events in the past that are now finished I went to school Situation in the past They lived a normal life unitl they won a lottery A series of actions in the past He entered a room, lit a cigarette and smiled at the guests

4.1.2. Form Subject + verb + ed or irregular form I lived in New York for 10 years Subject + auxiliary verb + not + verb I wasn't at my grandma's when you came Auxiliary verb + subject + verb How long did he work there?

4.2. Continuous

4.2.1. Use Actions in progress [use example] Interrupted actions in progress [use example] Actions in progress at the same time in the past [use example] Irritation [use example] Timid / Polite question I was wondering if you could carry my bag.

4.2.2. Form Subject + auxiliary verb was/were + verb + ing We were all thinking about our holidays. Subject + auxiliary verb wasn´t/weren´t + verb + inbg He asked me why I wasn't having dinner at the hotel. Auxiliary verb was/were + subject + verb + ing Was she going to the theater when it started raining?

4.3. Perfect

4.3.1. Use A completed action before another activity in the past [use example] Third conditional sentences [use example] Reported speech [use example] Dissatisfaction with the past [use example]

4.3.2. Form Subject + auxiliary verb had + past participle My mum asked me whether I had visited grandma the previous day. Subject + auxiliary verb hadn´t + past participle If I hadn't taken my keys from the drawer, I would be able to get into my house. Auxiliary verb had + subject + past participle Had they had any pet before they bought the giraffe?

4.4. Perfect Continuous

4.4.1. Use Duration of a past action up to a certain point in the past [use example] Third conditional sentences [use example] Reported speech [use example]

4.4.2. Form Subject + had + been + verb + ing I had been running for an hour when it started raining. Subject + hadn´t + been + verb + ing If it hadn't been raining, we would have played football. Had + subject + been + verb + ing How long had the player been playing before he scored?

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