MAP OF TENSES IN ENGLISH

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MAP OF TENSES IN ENGLISH by Mind Map: MAP OF TENSES IN ENGLISH

1. Present Perfect

1.1. We use Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc.

1.1.1. Form

1.1.1.1. Afirmattive

1.1.1.1.1. Subject + have/has + Verb in past + Complement + Expressions of time

1.1.1.2. Negative

1.1.1.2.1. Subject + have not/has not + Verb in past + Complement + Expressions of time

1.1.1.3. Question

1.1.1.3.1. Have/has + Subject + Verb in past + Complement + Expressions of time + ?

2. Nuevo tema

2.1. Past Continuous

2.1.1. We use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is usually a shorter action in the Simple Past. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.

2.1.1.1. Form

2.1.1.1.1. Question

2.1.1.1.2. Negative

2.1.2. Affirmative

2.1.2.1. Subject + was/were + (Verb+ing) + Subject + When/while + Complement

2.1.2.1.1. I was reading a book when Juan knocked the door

3. Nuevo tema

3.1. Will

3.1.1. We use will to respond to someone else's complaint or request for help. We also use "will" when we request that someone help us or volunteer to do something for us. Similarly, we use "will not" or "won't" when we refuse to voluntarily do something.

3.1.1.1. Form

3.1.1.1.1. Affirmative

3.1.1.1.2. Negative

3.1.1.1.3. Question

4. Nuevo tema

4.1. Simple Past

4.1.1. We use Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind.

4.1.1.1. Form

4.1.1.1.1. Afirmattive

4.1.1.1.2. Negative

4.1.1.1.3. Subject + didn't / did not + Verb simple form + Complement

4.1.1.1.4. Question

4.1.2. Nuevo tema

5. Nuevo tema

5.1. Simple Present

5.1.1. We use Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.

5.1.1.1. Form

5.1.1.1.1. Afirmattive

5.1.1.1.2. Negative

5.1.1.1.3. Question

5.1.2. Nuevo tema

6. Nuevo tema

6.1. Present Continuous

6.1.1. We use Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.

6.1.1.1. Form

6.1.1.1.1. Afirmattive

6.1.1.1.2. Negative

6.1.1.1.3. Question

7. Past Continous

7.1. We use the Past Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted. The interruption is usually a shorter action in the Simple Past. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.

7.1.1. Form

7.1.1.1. Question

7.1.1.1.1. Was/ were + subject + Present Participle + Complement + ?

7.1.1.2. Negative

7.1.2. Nuevo tema

8. Going To

8.1. The use of "going to" to refer to future events suggests a very strong link with the present. The precise moment is not relevant, it is later than now, but the attitude implies that said event depends on something we know about the current situation. "Going to" is mostly used to talk about our plans and intentions, or to make predictions based on current evidence. In everyday speech, "going to" usually shortens like "gonna", especially in American English, although it is never written like that.