State Control of Mass Media & Propaganda: Newspapers & Magazines

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State Control of Mass Media & Propaganda: Newspapers & Magazines by Mind Map: State Control of Mass Media & Propaganda: Newspapers & Magazines

1. Newspapers under Lenin

1.1. Mouthpieces of the Bourgeosie

1.2. November 1917 Decree: Non-Socialist papers banned

1.3. 1920s: Non-Bolshevik papers banned

2. Printing Press

2.1. Nationalised

2.2. Employees: Party members, Union of Soviet Journalists

2.3. Working in the interests of the workers & socialist order

2.4. Glavlit: Censorship office

3. Newspapers under Stalin

3.1. Socialist acheivements

3.2. High production figures, exceeded 5YP targets

3.3. Triumph of technology over nature

4. Banned Topics

4.1. Plane crashes & natural disasters

4.2. Local papers likely to criticise authorities eg- Minor bureaucrats/ Poor housing in 1970s

4.3. NO criticising party leaders

4.4. eg- Kyshtym September 1957: Nuclear waste tank exploded, 2 year evacuation

4.5. Sex, crime, religion

5. Magazines

5.1. Specific worker groups: Teachers/ Soldiers/ Farmers

5.2. Specific interests: Kids/ Sports/ Hobbies

5.3. eg- Sovetskii Sport 1946-

6. Daily Newspapers

6.1. Pravda (Truth): Communist Party Circulation 10.7M by 1983

6.2. Izvestiya (News): Government

6.3. Partiinost (Party mindfulness)

6.4. Cheap & available = High readership

6.5. Free on boards, pavements, workplaces