Principles of moral and cognitive development relevant to teaching English.

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Principles of moral and cognitive development relevant to teaching English. by Mind Map: Principles of moral and cognitive development relevant to teaching English.

1. moral reasoning develops over time through a 6 stage series

1.1. obedience or punishment orientation

1.1.1. rules are seen as being fixed and obedience means avoiding punishment

1.1.2. if homework or reading is not done, learners will be detained.

1.2. self interest orientation

1.2.1. goals and preferences are met if I do what is expected of me, I will be rewarded if i get good subject grades i will be academically rewarded

1.2.2. living up to social expectations and norms just to fit in

1.3. Social conformity orientation

1.3.1. joining the debate team/ public speaking or eisteddfod

1.4. law and order orientation

1.4.1. society is consciously involved when making decisions respecting authority and doing whats best for others not cheating in an exam or stealing question papers

1.5. Social contract orientation

1.5.1. establishing that laws are a social contract based on the decision of the majority it is likely to find people disobeying rules if they find them to be inconsistand

1.6. Universal ethics orientation

1.6.1. based on abstract reasoning and being able to put yourself in ones shoes

2. Morals are not a complete task they are a cumulative process

2.1. abstract reasoning

2.1.1. putting yourself in ones shoes and developing a principled conscience

3. a dialogical approach is needed to handle moral education opportunities

3.1. imposition of values are accepted

3.2. values are opened up for transformation, liberalism and open ended critique

3.3. Students bring values they subscribe to,to education for their critical examination

4. the mono-logical imposition thwarts learners from making their own decisions

4.1. It creates uncritical acceptance or rejection

4.2. teach literary facts to students so that they can make their own decisions based on these facts

4.3. respect individuals autonomy when it comes to rationalization.

5. values are said to be unavoidable in any practice

5.1. thus, we cannot ignore them and make them impossible to critique and analyze

6. Sociocultural Environment

6.1. learning cannot be an individual endeavour

6.2. learning occurs within a social world

6.3. learners need to participate in the discourse of learning without sacrificing their personal and cultural identity

7. Moral Education

7.1. involves moral principles, values and guiding everyday decision making

8. teaching morals and values

8.1. teachers should teach morals and values however;

9. "School is a moral enterprice", Kohlberg

9.1. schools are not harbors of moral/ value neutrality