Adaptions of the energy systems to exercise

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Adaptions of the energy systems to exercise by Mind Map: Adaptions of the energy systems to exercise

1. Increased creatine stores

1.1. • Short- duration, interval training sessions using high- intensity exercises will improve your ability to produce anaerobic energy.

1.1.1. • This will result in you being able to exercise anaerobically for longer using fast and powerful movements.

1.1.2. • Your body will adapt and will be able to store more creatine in the muscles which will improve the ATP-PC system.

2. Increased tolerance to lactic acid

2.1. • Anaerobic training stimulates the muscles to become better and more able to tolerate lactic acid and to clear it away more efficiently.

2.1.1. • With endurance training the capillary network extends, allowing greater volumes of blood to supply the muscles with oxygen and nutrients.

2.1.2. • The muscles are able to use more fats as a fuel source and become more efficient at using oxygen, increasing the body’s ability to work harder for longer without fatiguing.

2.2. • The net results in an increase in the body’s maximal oxygen consumption.

3. Aerobic energy system

3.1. • Long- term exercise will improve the ability of the aerobic energy system to produce energy, as improvements in the cardiovascular system will allow for increased oxygen to be delivered which is needed to produce ATP aerobically.

3.1.1. • Adaptions of the CV system will aid the removal of lactic acid through oxidisation.

4. Increased use of fats as an energy source

4.1. • Fat is the primary energy source during low- intensity exercise.

4.1.1. • Fat oxidation increases if exercise extends to long periods, as glycogen levels deplete.

4.2. • Fat combustion powers almost all exercise at approximately 25% of aerobic capacity.

4.2.1. • When considering the effects of long- term exercise, the training athlete has a greater opportunity to burn fat as a fuel than the non- trained athlete because they have a more efficient system of delivering oxygen to the working muscle, as well as a greater number of mitochondria.

5. Increased storage of glycogen and increased numbers of mitochondria

5.1. • Muscles increased their oxidative capacity with regular training

5.1.1. • The ability of the muscles to store more glycogen is also increased, meaning that anaerobic glycolysis can last for longer.

5.2. • This is achieved by an increased in the number of mitochondria within the muscle cells, an increase in the supply of ATP and an increase in the quantity of enzymes involved in respiration.