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14th Amendment by Mind Map: 14th Amendment

1. Equal pay and protection

1.1. The 14th Amendment says that no state shall deny equal protection to any person. And they should be payed the same as the male employer.

2. Cases:

2.1. Brown v Board of Education

2.1.1. S.C ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. Thurgood Marshall, NAACP, lawyer argued the case. Took 2 years to enforce at the state level.

2.2. Plessy V. Ferguson

2.2.1. In 1896, a man was arrested for with in a train car that was only supposed to be for whites. They took the case to court and they ruled that Plessy has broken the law.

2.3. Dread Scott

2.3.1. An African American man was enslaved. His owner was John Emerson, who later on died. So, Scott tried to sue for his freedom. The case went to the Sumpreme Court. The court ruled that African American were property and not citizens, so living in a free state couldn't make him free

3. Acts & Legislation

3.1. Americans with Disabilities Act (1990)

3.1.1. On July 26, 1990 George Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act which meant physically and mental impaired people would have the same rights as all Americans.

3.2. Civil Rights Act

3.2.1. The civil rights acts would put an end to all forms of discrimination and legal segregation in public places. It also outlawed racial discrimination but also discrimination based on religion, sex, and national origin.

3.3. Indian Education Act

3.3.1. The Indian Eduaction Act worked to improve education for Natuve American. It also provided money and services for Native American services.

4. Black Codes

4.1. Black code were a group of laws passed in states right after the Civil War. They were passed in 1865 and 1866. It included passing the 14th and 15th Amendment.

5. 14th Amendment

5.1. The 14th amendment ensures fairness to all born legal citizens of the US to protect privacy.

6. Voting Right Acts of 1965 & same sex marriage

6.1. This act said that no one could be denied the right to vote, which relates to the 14th amendment because it's about equality. Just like same sex marriage. A law was passed that said homosexual marriage had to be as equal as straight marriages.